Unplugged … Now What? The Next Step!

On April 22, 2014, in Renewing Your Mind, by Milton Carnes

This is a very long article to read but it is very necessary for new believers to get started on the right track.

Get Back To The Truth

Deuteronomy 30:19 “I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live.”

Deuteronomy 11:26-28 “Behold, I set before you today a blessing and a curse: the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the YAH your Alahiym which I command you today; and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of YAH your Alahiym ..."

Deuteronomy 28:15 “But it shall come to pass, if you do not obey the voice of YAH your Alahiym, to observe carefully all His commandments and His statutes which I command you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you:"

Why has YAH turned his back on his people?

Isaiah 59:2 "But your iniquities (lawlessness) have divided between you and your God (Alahiym), and your sins have hid his face from you that he should not hear."

1 John 3:4 "Whosoever commits sin transgresses (BREAKS) also the law: for sin is the transgression (BREAKING) of the law."

Hosea 4:6 "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being priest for Me; Because you have forgotten the law of your Alahiym, I also will forget your children."

The people have forgotten the law and walk in sin constantly, therefore they cannot be set free by The Most High Alahiym.

Daniel 9:9-14
To YaHUH our Alahiym belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;

[10] Neither have we obeyed the voice of YaHUH our Alahiym, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets.

[11] Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of Alahiym, because we have sinned against him.

[12] And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem.

[13] As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before YaHUH our Alahiym, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy truth.

[14] Therefore hath YaHUH watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for YaHUH our Alahiym is righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice.

John 8:32 (King James Version) And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

But what is truth?

Psalms 119:142 Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is the truth.

Psalms 119:151
Thou art near, O YAH; and all thy commandments are truth.

Deuteronomy 6:25
And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before YAH our Alahiym, as he hath commanded us.

Psalm 69:27
Add iniquity unto their iniquity: and let them not come into thy righteousness Iniquity is lawlessness, the opposite of righteousness

Psalms 119:172
My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness.

Proverbs 12:17
He that speaketh truth sheweth forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit

Proverbs 14:34
Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people Righteousness is the opposite of sin

Isaiah 51:7
Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.

Ezekiel 18:26
When a righteous man turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, and dieth in them; for his iniquity that he hath done shall he die.

Ezekiel 33:13
When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousness shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.

Romans 6:18
Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.

Ephesians 5:9
For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth

Sin (lawlessness) is the opposite of righteousness. The law and commandments are truth and righteousness

John 4:21-24
[21] Yahusha said to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father. [22] You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. [23] But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him. [24] The Most High is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.

Get Back To The Truth

What is truth?
The Law of YAH is truth
The Commandments of YAH is truth

What is righteousness?
The Law of YAH
The Commandments of YAH

Romans 7:7 "What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, You shall not covet.”

Matthew 5:17-18 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law (TRUTH), or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law (TRUTH), till all be fulfilled.”

Matthew 19:17 “So He said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good but One, that is, God (Alahiym). But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments (TRUTH).”


Understanding The Law
What Was Nailed To The Cross Or Stake?

What are the handwritings of ordinance that were against us that were nailed to the cross? Is it the law? No, and here is why. The Messiah said,

Matthew 5:17-18 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.

1 John 3:4 “Sin is breaking/transgression of the law”. If there is no law, then that means there is no sin. Last time I checked in this world, sin is everywhere. The law simply tells us what sin is.

Romans 2:12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified (made righteous) in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

If the law gives us knowledge of what sin is then how could it be nailed to the cross? Something else was taken out of the way … but what?

Let us go to Colossians 2 11 In him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of The Messiah, 12 buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of Elohim, who raised Him from the dead. 13 And you, being dead in your trespasses (sins) and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses (sins), 14 having wiped out the handwriting of ordinances, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; (some translations state in the ordinances/decrees/ certificate of debt).

[Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of Elohim is eternal life in The Messiah Yahusha] (The Sin Debt we owe for breaking the law).

Certificate of debt (Strong's # G5498) (cheirographon from cheir = hand + grapho = write) is literally handwriting or a handwritten document and then a written record of a debt such as a promissory note. A document is written in one's own hand as a proof of obligation, e.g., a note of indebtedness. The word means primarily a bond written by a person pledging himself to make certain payments.

Figuratively in the only NT use in Colossians 2:14 cheirographon refers not to the law itself, but to the record of charges (for breaking Elohim's law), which stood against us and which Elohim symbolically removed by "nailing it to the cross," handwritten account, record of debts (Friberg, T., Friberg, B., & Miller, N. F. Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. Baker Academic)

Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it (through The Messiah's death and resurrection).

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge (pass sentence upon or condemn) you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. In verse 17, the word "is" does not appear in the text but was added by the translators.

The body is of Christ does not make sense. Colossians 2:16,17 should read:

Let no man therefore judge (pass sentence upon you or condemn you) you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body of Christ (The Messiah).

Only the body of The Messiah can judge you in respect of what you eat, drink, the holy days and the sabbaths contained within the law (directions and instructions).

Romans 10:4 For Messiah is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believes.

Which Law?

Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Messiah Yahusha hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

Two parts of the Law ... law of life and law of sin/death

From Torah Deuteronomy 30

[15] See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil;

[16] In that I command thee this day to love YAHUH thy Alahiym, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou may live and multiply: and YAHUH thy Alahiym shall bless thee in the land whither thou go to possess it.

[17] But if thine heart turn away, so that thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them;

[18] I denounce unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish, and that ye shall not prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over Jordan to go to possess it.

[19] I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:

[20] That thou may love YAHUH thy Alahiym, and that thou may obey his voice, and that thou may cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou may dwell in the land which YAHUH sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.

Did the Messiah redeem us from the whole law or from the law of sin/death; the curse of the law?

Galatians 3:13
Messiah hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us:

What is the curse of the law?

Deuteronomy 28:15
But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of YAHUH thy Alahiym, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:

The curse of the law can be found in Deuteronomy 28:16-68.

Psalm 119:142 Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is the truth..

Psalm 119:151 Thou art near, O YAH; and all thy commandments are truth.

John 8:32
And ye shall know the truth (commandments, law), and the truth (commandments, law) shall make you free.

Matthew 19:17
And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, Alahiym: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.

Revelation 22:14
Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

Not Under The Law, But Under Grace, What Does This Mean?

Many have come to believe that they are not under the Law and do not have to keep the Law. From Paul's writings, it would seem as if this is the case, but is this true?
Here are some scriptures that seem to support the idea that we do not have to keep the Law of Moses given by The Most High.
1. For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace." Romans 6:14
2. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of The Messiah; that ye should be married to another, [even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto YAH. Romans 7:4
3. "If ye be led by the Spirit, ye are not under the law" Galatians 5:18
Galatians 2:16 Yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Yahusha'eh Mashiyach ... in order to be justified by faith in Messiah and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.
4. But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not [in] the oldness of the letter.
Romans 7:6

5. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto The Messiah, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster “ [the law]. Galatians 3:24-25
6. The Law is that which is done away? 2 Corinthians 3:11
7. The Law is that which is abolished? 2 Corinthians 3:13
8. Yahusha on the Cross "blotted out the handwriting of ordinances" (The Law) that was against us? Colossians 2:14
9. Was "the Law" taken "out of the way" and nailed "to his cross? Colossians 2:14.
10. When YAH speaks of a new [covenant or agreement], He makes the first one obsolete (out of use). And what is obsolete (out of use and annulled because of age) is ripe for disappearance and to be dispensed with altogether."
Hebrews 8:13, The Amplified Version

11. Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O YAH. He taketh away the first (old covenant), that he may establish the second (new covenant).Hebrews 10:9
From the above scriptures, it seems as if the law has been done away with!
However, here are others scriptures that supports that the Law HAS NOT been done away with.
The Messiah said, (American King James Version) Matthew 5:17, 18 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
What did he come to fulfill? The things that were spoken about his coming in the Law and the Prophets, not to do away with the Law!
Luke 24:43-45 (King James Version)
43 And he took it, and did eat before them.
44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,
Matthew 5:18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. The last time that I looked heaven and earth had or has not passed away and everything in the Bible has not been fulfilled.
Proverbs 29:18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.
1 John 3:4 Whosoever commits sin transgresseth (breaks) also the law: for sin is the transgression (breaking) of the law.
The last time I checked, sin was and is everywhere so the law must be everywhere too! If there is no sin, then that means that no one is breaking the Law. If you are not breaking the law, then you are not under the law. To be more exact, if you are not breaking Yah's laws then you are not under the penalty of the Law... DEATH!
Peter said the following: (2 Peter 3 15,16) and account that the longsuffering of our Master is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.
How can the Law be done away with? How can Paul say that we do not have to keep the Law while at the same time he believed in keeping the Law?
Acts 24:14 But this I confess to you, that according to the way which they call a sect, so I worship the Elohim of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets.
Acts 25:8 while he answered for himself, "Neither against the Law of the Jews, nor against the temple, nor against Caesar have I offended in anything at all."
Roman 7:25 I thank Yah--through Yahusha the Messiah our Master! So then, with the mind I myself serve the Law of Yah, but with the flesh the Law of sin.
Roman 2:12 For as many as have sinned without Law will also perish without Law, and as many as have sinned in the Law will be judged by the Law 13 (for not the hearers of the Law [are] just in the sight of Yah, but the doers of the Law will be justified;
Translation of "without Law"

Roman 2:17 Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the Law, and make your boast in Yah, 18 and know [His] will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the Law, 19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the Law.
Roman 2:21 You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? 22 You who say, "Do not commit adultery," do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who make your boast in the Law, do you dishonor YAH through breaking the Law? 24 For "the name of YAH is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,"

We learn what sin is from the Law.

Roman 3:20Therefore by the deeds of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the Law [is] the knowledge of sin.

Roman 7:7 What shall we say then? [Is] the Law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the Law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the Law had said, "You shall not covet."

Roman 3:31 Do we then make void the Law through faith? Certainly not! On the contrary, we establish the Law. (Faith establishes The Law)

Scriptures like the one above prove that Paul did not believe that once we are under grace, then we can continue to sin (thus breaking the Law):

Roman 6:15, 16 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under Law but under grace? Certainly not! 16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one's slaves whom you obey, whether of sin [leading] to death, or of obedience [leading] to righteousness?

Paul also states that "the Law" with "the commandment" are holy.

Roman 7:12 Therefore the Law [is] holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

Many like to believe that the Law is of the flesh, but Paul states otherwise ...

Roman 7:14 For we know that the Law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.

Paul delights in the Law of YAH

Roman 7:22 For I delight in the Law of YAH according to the inward man.

Before we go any further, let's clearly define "Lawlessness"...

1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the Law: for sin is the transgression of the Law.

Sin is "anomia" (condition of being without the Law or violation of the Law, transgression of the Law)

Righteousness is the opposite of Lawlessness (violation of the Law). By keeping the Law, you are walking in righteousness.

Roman 6:19 I speak in human [terms] because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members [as] slaves of uncleanness, and of Lawlessness [leading] to [more] Lawlessness, so now present your members [as] slaves [of] righteousness for holiness.

2 Corinthians 6:14 Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with Lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness?

Roman 4:7 "Blessed [are] [those] whose Lawless deeds are forgiven, And whose sins are covered;

Matthew 24:12 And because iniquity (lawlessness - without law) shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.

Roman 6:16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one's slaves whom you obey, whether of sin [leading] to death, or of obedience [leading] to righteousness?

Roman 10:5 For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the Law, "The man who does those things shall live by them."

2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture [is] given by inspiration of Yah, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,17 that the man of YAH may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

Roman 8:6-7 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity (hatred) against Yah; for it is not subject to the Law of YAH, nor indeed can be.

John 7:49 But this crowd that does not know the law is cursed.

The law of Christ is the Law of YAH because he (Yahusha) came in the father's name speaking the father's words.

If there is no law then, why are you taking the tithe? Doesn't the law state that the priesthood could only take the tithe?

Is the law divided into a moral part and a ceremonial part? I cannot find this in the Bible.

Key points to remember. The Law is not done away with. Everything in the law does not apply to everyone. Some things in the law require a physical temple and a working Levitical Priesthood. Nowhere in the law is there a command to keep all of the laws even the ones that do not apply to you.

Have you actually read the law? It eliminates chaos and confusion. The law offers many blessings from Deuteronomy 28. But if the law is done away with then that means that the blessings of Deuteronomy 28 are also voided and done away with.

Think about this …. If the law has been done away with, then that means that it is ok to commit adultery, it’s ok to steal, lie, and kill, right?

The law is how we operate in the kingdom of YAH.
Genesis 26:5 (King James Version)
Even Abraham kept the law before they were given to Moses:

5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
1 John 2 (King James Version)
1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yahusha the righteous:
2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

John 14:12-17 (King James Version)
12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.
13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;
17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

Revelation 22:14 (King James Version)

14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
Romans 6 (King James Version)
1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
2 YAH forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
We are dead to sin because we are not breaking YAH's Laws.
3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Yahusha The Messiah were baptized into his death?
4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as The Messiah was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:
6 Knowing this (through baptism), that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
7 For he that is dead is freed from sin.
8 Now if we be dead with The Messiah, we believe that we shall also live with him:
9 Knowing that The Messiah being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.
The wages or compensation for sin is death, but now you have dominion over death because of The Messiah.
10 For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto YAH.
11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto YAH through Yahusha The Messiah.
12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto YAH, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto YAH.
14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
We are not under the law because sin has no dominion over us. If sin has no dominion over us,then we are not under the law because we are not breaking the Law.
15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? YAH forbid.

16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

17 But YAH be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.

18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness.

21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to YAH, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of YAH is eternal life through Yahusha The Messiah.

1 Timothy 1: 5-10 (King James Version)

5 Now the end of the commandment is love out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:

6 From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling;

7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.

8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;

9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,

10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers (kidnappers), for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;

The commandments are part of the law! Not being under the law (living sin free) does not mean that you are above the law. When Paul said, "We are not under the Law", he was talking about being under the penalties of the Law. The payment for sin is death under the law. Through The Messiah, we are set FREE from the penalties of the Law. There is no opposition between The Messiah, Paul, and The Law. The law is not for the righteous because they are not breaking the law.

When unrighteousness cease to exist, because every enemy is defeated including death by Yahusha the Messiah, we won't need the law to tell us that we need to stop sinning.

Matthew 7:21-25 King James Version (KJV)

21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.

22 Many will say to me in that day, Master, Master, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?

23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity (lawlessness).

Isaiah 26:10 "Let grace be shown to the wicked, Yet he will not learn righteousness; in the land of uprightness he will deal unjustly, And will not behold the majesty of YaHUH"

As a new believer, your very first step is to become familiar with the Ten Commandments from Exodus 20:1-17. You should become very familiar with the name YAH from Psalm 68:4 and the Sabbath.


Why We Should Keep The Sabbath

On April 2, 2014, in Sabbath(s), by Milton Carnes

By Tameika Walters

Rest is a Gift From Yah

Yah is a god (El) of cycles. That is why the author of Ecclesiastes says “For everything there is a season and a time to every purpose under heaven.” After Yah created the earth and the heavens and all that lies therein, he rested (Gen 2:3). In fact, Exodus 31: 17 says, “on the seventh day he rested and He was refreshed.” Yah allows us periods of rest so that we too will be refreshed.

Even land needs to be refreshed. In Lev. 25:4, Yah commanded the Israelites to let the land rest in the seventh year (Lev. 25:4). Modern dayfarmers now understand that land in continual use will eventually lose all of its nutrients and cease to be fertile. In a way, the very seasons (winter, spring, summer, and fall) are Yah’s built-in rest periods for nature.

Everything sleeps for a season, only to spring up again with newness of life. Finally, Yah’s rest is not limited to one day. Hebrews 4: 9-11 states that there remains a rest for the people of Yah, in that we are to rest from works, and depend fully on Christ. (see also Mathew 11:28-29; Is. 11:10). Resting in Christ is the ultimate refreshing, the ultimate renewal, the ultimate regeneration. We are saved by His grace, not because of our “good” works.

The Sabbath Day

The Bible says that there is one day set aside for man to rest from his labor, a holy day like no other. This day is called the Sabbath. (See Ex. 31:14-16; Ex. 35:3; Lev. 23:3, 11, 15; Num. 15:32, Deut 4:12-15; 2 Kings 11:5-9, Jer. 17:22; 2 Chron 23:4, Neh 10:31; Neh 13:19, the title of Psalms 92; Matt 12:11, Matt 24:20; Mark 3:4; John 7:23; Acts 13:42, 44; Acts 16:13; Acts 18:4. As these Biblical texts reveal, there is a specific day called “the Sabbath.” This word is used from the moment after the Israelites crossed the Red Sea until after Christ’s resurrection. Before we can fully discuss which day the Sabbath is, it’s important to outline what it is.

The Sabbath is one aspect of the law.” The law existed before the nation of Israel, from the time of Adam and Eve. If it did not exist, then it would not have been wrong for Cain to kill Abel. For, “where no law is, there is no transgression” (Romans 4:15). “Sin is not imputed when there is no law.” (Romans 5:13). But, the fact is, since the fall of man, there has been sin in this world. “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.” (1 John 3:4). Therefore, as long as there has been sin, there has been a law because sin is just breaking the law. This is more than a philosophical argument. There are actually concrete biblical examples to demonstrate the importance of the law.

Yah wrote the law on stone with his own finger, and then handed the tablets to Moses. (Ex. 24:12; Ex. 31:18, Ex. 32: 15-16). To demonstrate just how serious his law is,Yah spoke them directly to the children of Israel. (Ex. 20:1, 19). In Deuteronomy 4:13-14, Moses says, “And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. And the Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.” Notice also that Moses calls the Ten Commandments “[Yah’s] covenant.”

Though the Jews were obligated to keep the law and the commandments, they treated them differently. The ten commandments, spoken by Yah to the Israelites after he had written them on tablets of stone with His own finger were placed inside of the ark of the covenant. (Deut. 10:5; Heb 9:4). The laws written in a book, by Moses were placed beside the ark. (Deut. 31:24-26). The placement of the laws is significant because the earthly sanctuary was merely a copy of what exists in heaven. (Heb. 8:5; Heb 9:23). So, we should not take it lightly that the Ten Commandments are at the very center of the Yah’s covenant with His people.

Leviticus 23 distinguishes between the Sabbath day, and various other sabbaths concomitant with Jewish feasts. Lev. 23: 3 says “Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.” Lev. 23:4 says, “These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.” Then the remainder of the chapter goes on to list those feasts which include Passover (v. 5-8), the Day of Atonement (v. 27), the Feast of Tabernacles (v. 34-35), etc.

During certain days of these convocations, the Jews were commanded to “do no servile work therein.” Because they were such high holy days, the Jews were to observe sabbaths, or periods of rest. They were to focus completely on Yah on those days. But, it’s clear that those Sabbaths are distinct from “the seventh day Sabbath of rest.” Because each occurred on a specific date of a specific month. This is similar to how people celebrate Christmas every December 25, but one year Christmas could be on a Wednesday, the next year, a Thursday, etc. Only one Sabbath was designated to be the same year after year, week after week, and that was the seventh day, and rather than being tied to any specific feast or convocation, this Sabbath was tied to creation.

Reading completely through Leviticus 23, we also see that during the feasts and convocations, the priests made sacrifices—meat offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings. (See e.g. verses 13 and 18). Some of these convocations were held on new months. (See 1 Chron. 23:31, 2 Chron. 2:4, 2 Chron. 8:12-13, 2 Chron. 31:3). “And it shall be the prince’s part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new months, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.” Ezekiel 45:17. That last phrase is italicized in order to highlight that all of these feasts, convocations, sacrifices and offerings were created to reconcile man to Yah.

The purpose of the Yah’s laws and statutes is to breach the gap that sin placed between Yah and man. But Yah eventually grew tired of the way the sacrifices were being observed by His people. The Jews were using food and drink and animals to supposedly atone for their sins, but they never changed their hearts. Therefore, Yah said, “Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new months and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot, away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them. And when ye spread forth your hands I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood. Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doing from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;…Come now, and let us reason together, saith the Lord, though your sins be as scarlet they shall be as white as snow though they be red like crimson they shall be as wool.”
Isaiah 1: 13-19.

Yah has always had a ministry of grace. He didn’t want the Jews to depend on sacrifices to be made whole, He wanted the Jews to look to Him. Besides, the Jews were missing the point. All of the sacrifices were just symbols of Christ’s ministry, rehearsal for the future that would bring true reconciliation to Yah. That is why Paul, writing of the sacrifices, says in Hebrews 9: 9-12, “It was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience — concerned only with foods and drinks, various washing, and fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation.

But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come…not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.” Read also Hebrews 10, especially verse 1, “For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.” We are made perfect in Christ, not in animal or food sacrifices.

Now, let us turn to the Ten Commandments. Remember that in Deuteronomy 4:13, the Ten Commandments are called Yah’s “covenant.” We know that after Christ, there is a new covenant: “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant…this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts and will be their Elohim, and they shall be my people.” Jeremiah 31:31 and 33. See also Hebrews 10: 16: “I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.” Yah’s plan was not to abrogate the Ten Commandments, His covenant; it was to write the Ten Commandments on our hearts and our minds. How awesome would the world be if the Ten Commandments were written on the hearts and minds of mankind? There would be no adultery, no murder, no one hating his neighbor because they covet their neighbor’s belongings. People would worship the true and living Creator and Savior, not animals or statues, or worse-yet, themselves. And people wouldn’t have to work seven days a week because everyone would have at least one day off to rest and worship their Creator.

Christ lived a life demonstrating that the Ten Commandments were written on his heart and mind. More than that, he understood that they were not legalistic principles but ways of expressing love to Yah and to man. “If you love me keep my commandments.” John 14:15. (in addition, please read 1 John 5: 3; 1 John 2: 3-5.) That is why he stressed the importance of the spirit of the law, rather than the letter of the law. See Matt 5: 21-28 (teaching about the 6th and the 7th commandment).

Christ also said that the Ten Commandments & The Laws were not to be done away with. He says, “think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:17-19. The earth is still here, so all the jots and tittles of the law have yet to pass away. And that includes the Sabbath.

Some who teach the Sabbath is no longer a commandment argue that no one observed the Sabbath until the law was given by Moses. Such people often rely on Exodus 16:23, which says, “And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.” Because this is the first use of the term “Sabbath” in the Bible, some assume that the Sabbath was never a commandment before that time. However, Ex. 16:23 occurs before Yah announced the ten commandments (Ex. 20) and before Moses announced the other laws (Lev. 1:1-3). Exodus 16 occurs after the children of Israel crossed over the Red Sea. They had escaped their oppressors and Yah was about to make them into a great nation. What’s the very first commandment He wants them to learn? The Sabbath.

During their slavery in Egypt, the Israelites were unable to observe the Sabbath commandment. They were likely desensitized to the other ten commandments as well. In slavery, they likely witnessed many murders at the hands of their oppressors. Given Egyptian culture, they likely became accustomed to extreme idolatry. It was probably natural for Jews to covet the Egyptian’s possessions since, as slaves, they were in such a destitute, downtrodden state. Therefore, Yah had to train them up in His ways, just as He would a child. But, the first thing he wanted them to learn was how to rest in Him.

Because the Jews had not been free for years, Yah was reminding them of His commandments, not giving them new rules that they or their forefathers had never heard before. The commandment itself says, “Remember the Sabbath day…” (Ex. 20:8). He reminded them how to keep the Sabbath through the gift of manna. They could collect the manna for six days out of the week. On the sixth day they were to collect a double portion that would last them all the way through the seventh day. When the people disobeyed by going to collect manna on the seventh day, Yah grew angry and said, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?” (v. 28). The seventh day was “a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord.” (Ex. 16:23).

This is the first use of the English word "Sabbath" in the Bible. This usage comes from the Hebrew word shabbath (Strong's 7676). The word shabbath comes from a primitive root word shabath (Strongs 7673) which is translated in various places "cease," "rest," "away," "fail," "celebrate," and miscellaneous other words, some of which precede this usage of the word shabbath. For example, Genesis 8:22 uses "cease," and both Genesis 2:2-3 and Exodus 5:5 use "rest." In fact, other verses state that the Sabbath Day of rest was initiated at creation (see Genesis 2:2-3; Exodus 20:11). Yah said through Moses, "Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest...". He did not say, "This is a new command: from now on, every seventh day is to be a solemn rest, etc."

Finally, it is significant that the Sabbath was verbally announced before all of the other commandments. Yah was showing the Israelites that they could depend on Him for all of their needs. He was the Creator, the life giver, the source. The Sabbath was an integral part of that lesson.

The Sabbath in the New Testament

Our Savior Kept the Sabbath and Expected Believers to Observe it Even After His Death What did the Savior do on the Sabbath? Christ was a faithful Sabbathkeeper. Luke 4:16 says, “As His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day.” In fact, it was on the Sabbath that Jesus first declared His earthly ministry had begun (Luke 4:18). On the Sabbath, Jesus not only went to the synagogue to teach (Mark 6:2), but He also went to heal (Read Mark 3: 3-5; Luke 13: 10-16—this is the “woman thou art loosed” verse! J). In Luke 6:6-10 He asks “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy?” Then he answers his own question by healing a man’s hand, much to the dismay of the Pharisees who were completely unconcerned about spiritual things, but only about their own man-made rules. He further rebukes them for this in John 7: 23-24. (See also Matt. 12:11-13 “It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.”)

On one particular instance, he allowed the disciples to pick off the heads of grain in the field because they were hungry. The story is recorded in Mark 2: 23-27 and Luke 6: 1-5. He reminded the Pharisees that the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath, and he claimed ownership over the Sabbath. This declaration (Mark 2:27-28) is particularly significant to because if Christ is Lord of the Sabbath that suggests the Sabbath still exists at the time of Christ. It also suggests that Christ made the Sabbath for man. Therefore, if we fail to observe the Sabbath, we are deliberately ignoring one of the gifts that Yah made just for us. At the same time, it is obvious that the Sabbath should not be so burdensome that you can not eat. It is alright to exert some effort on the Sabbath to meet the necessities of life, something the Pharisees denied.

On another Sabbath, he healed a man and told him to take up his bed, which was a violation of the man-made rules of the Pharisees. (John 5: 6-17) He then says, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.” There is nothing in the Bible to make us think that the work Jesus is referring to involved carpentry or any other worldly form of work. In fact the “work” we see him doing on the Sabbath is the work of ministry and restoration.

In contrast to his obedience of the Sabbath, Christ did not obey many man-made laws or customs. He ate with non-Jews and sinners (Luke 5:29-30), which did not violate any law of Yah, but was against Pharisaical customs (see Acts 11:3). He also didn’t do the Pharisees’ ceremonial hand-washing before he ate (See Matt 15: 2-7). This passage clearly illuminates the contrast in Christ’s attitude towards laws instituted by Pharisees, which he calls “traditions of men,” versus how he felt about the commandments of Yah. He continuously spoke against the legalism of the Pharisees, but he never spoke against the Ten Commandments. Rather, He says, “If you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.”
Matt 19: 17

What about after His death? Jesus declared that the Sabbath would exist after his death. In Matthew 24, He begins to prophesy about the end times. He says there would be wars and rumors of wars, etc. He also talks about the persecution of the saints. Then, in Matthew 24:20, he says, “pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.” Even as endtime Christians, we ought to be asking Yah that we don’t have to flee for our lives on the Sabbath because that would force us not to rest. Clearly, Christ holds the Sabbath in high regard and He considers it a commandment after his resurrection.

The Disciples Observed the Sabbath After the Resurrection

Moreover, after Christ’s resurrection and ascension, Paul and the other disciples went to church on the Sabbath (Acts 13: 14). After they preached one Sabbath, the Gentiles begged them to come back next Sabbath and do it again, and indeed the whole city came out to hear them. Acts 13: 42-44. Now, think about it, if the whole city—Jews and Gentiles—was interested in hearing them speak, why couldn’t they have come back the next day? Paul could have stopped his tentmaking on Sunday (see Acts 18: 3) and preached the word. But, the day he chose to preach (to Jews and Greeks) was the Sabbath (Acts. 18:4).

In fact, Paul was so committed to fellowshipping and preaching on the Sabbath, that he did so even when there was no synagogue to preach in. (See Acts 16: 13 where he prays and teaches by the riverside on the Sabbath). The Bible is very clear that, like the true Messiah, it was Paul’s “custom” to set the Sabbath aside for ministry (Acts 17:2-4).

Which day is the Sabbath?

Now, you’ve seen all of these Biblical references to “the Sabbath” after Christ’s death and resurrection. Perhaps you’re wondering if the Sabbath had been changed to Sunday in the early church. There’s only one day that the Bible has named as the Sabbath:

“The seventh day, which is the Sabbath” (Ex. 16:26)
“The seventh day is the Sabbath of Yah” (Ex. 20: 10)
“The seventh day is the Sabbath of Yah” (Deut 5:14)
No one disputes that the seventh day is Saturday. Some languages, such as Spanish and Italian, actually use the same word to mean both Saturday and Sabbath (i.e. Spanish-Sabado).

As stated earlier, our Savior called himself “Master of the Sabbath,” which, from context, we know he meant the seventh day (he was speaking to the Jews and the seventh day was the only Sabbath they knew). Also, if the Sabbath spoken of in Acts 12, 16, and 18 was the first day of the week, why were all those Jews in the synagogue? The Jews had no obligation to be in the synagogue every Sunday.

Christ first appeared on the first day of the week. But of course! He wanted to let His disciples know that He had fulfilled His own prophecy, “If you destroy this temple, I will raise it up in three days.” So, He had to appear to them on the day He rose. But he later appeared to His disciples on a different day. See John 20: 19, 26, “when therefore it was …the first day of the week, Jesus came… and after eight days again…Jesus came.” Eight days after the first day of the week is actually the second day of the week, or Monday. So the second appearance of Christ to the disciples occurred on a Monday. No one argues that we should set aside Monday for corporate worship, yet it has no more significance in scripture than does Sunday. The only day mentioned hundreds of times from Genesis to Revelation as a day of rest and worship is the seventh-day Sabbath.

Some interpret Acts 20:7 “and on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread …” to mean that the apostles were worshipping exclusively on Sunday. But, Act 2:26 says “So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart…” After Pentecost, the disciples were going to the temple daily, worshipping daily, and breaking bread daily. Sunday held no significance. The reason they were gathered together in Acts 20:7 was because Paul was going to leave them the next day.

The only other reference to the first day of the week in the New Testament is 1 Cor. 16:2-3. “Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given orders to the churches of Galatia, so you must do also: on the first day of the week let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come.” Looking at this passage objectively, Paul obviously wasn’t going to come to them on the first day of the week. He didn’t want them to be collecting money when he came, so he told them to lay it aside until he did. Secondly, this seems to be a directive to set your offerings aside at the beginning of the week before spending it. So, the first day, being the beginning of the week, and the first day that the believers would be conducting business transactions, Paul tells them to set aside money for the Lord.

Some interpret this scripture to refer to the collections that would occur during a church service and that therefore this verse shows the believers were convening on Sunday. However, the words, “storing up” and “laying aside” suggest that Paul was not talking about giving an offering as you would during a church service. An individual stores money in his house, not in the church. Taken literally, these words mean, on Sunday, “put the money aside.” Not, on Sunday, “bring an offering.” Based on Paul’s custom, he was probably coming to the church on the seventh day Sabbath.

Finally, Revelation was written on “the Lord’s day,” which some falsely believe refers to the first day of the week. However, The Sabbath is the one and only day in the bible Yah has claimed ownership over (Ex. 20:10, Deut 5: 14). It’s the one and only day He blessed and sanctified (Gen. 2:3). There is not a single line of scripture in which Yah claims ownership over the first day of the week. Whereas, Yah refers to the seventh day as holy. He meets with His people on the seventh day. Jesus, Yah in the flesh, ministered to the people and worked miracles on the seventh day. In contrast to the traditions of men, the seventh day is the Lord’s day according to the Bible.

Special Blessing for Sabbath-Keepers

There is a special blessing on those that observe the Sabbath. Isaiah 56: 2 “Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who lays hold on it; who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, and keeps his hand from doing any evil.” Yah makes this promise even to the “son of the foreigner” (a.k.a. non Jews). “Also the sons of the foreigner who joining themselves to Yah, to serve Him, and to love the name of Yah, to be His servants — everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, and holds fast My covenant—even them I will bring to My holy mountain, and make them joyful in My house of prayer.” (Is 56: 6-7). “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy day of Yah honorable, and shall honor Him not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words, then you shall delight yourself in Yah and I will cause you to ride on the high hills of the earth…” Is. 58: 13-14. The blessing of the Sabbath, if righteously and spiritually observed, is a closer relationship with Yah.

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Understanding The Third Commandment

On April 1, 2014, in The Name, by Milton Carnes

Does the third commandment mean that we should not use the Heavenly Father's name in profanity? This is true. Does living a sinful life while proclaiming to be of The Most High another way of taking His name in vain? This is true also.

The third commandment means more than this. To replace the Heavenly Father's name with a title such as "the LORD", "GOD", "Adonai", or "Ha Shem" and no longer recognizing that he has a true personal name is another way of taking His name in vain.

Let The Scriptures Speak:

Exodus 20:7 (King James Version)

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Let's take a moment and look at the Biblical Lexicon definition of the word "vain":

There is no greater way to bring The Creator's name to emptiness, worthlessness, and having no value or no purpose than to remove His name from scripture and substitute it with a title or name that we choose.

Replacing The Creator's name is a practice so common that few people even know the Heavenly Father has a personal name.

The Creator decided to place His personal name in scripture nearly 7,000 times. And each one of those 7,000 times it is replaced with a title (such as "The LORD" and Adonai) in most of today's translations.

Look at the Preface of some of the more popular English Bible translations:

New International Version - Preface

In regard to the divine name YHUH, commonly referred to as the Tetragrammaton, the translators adopted the device used in most English versions of rendering that name as "Lord" in capital letters to distinguish it from Adonai, another Hebrew word rendered "Lord," for which small letters are used. Wherever the two names stand together in the Old Testament as a compound name of God, they are rendered "Sovereign Lord."

Because for most readers today the phrase "the Lord of hosts" and "God of hosts" have little meaning, this version renders them "the Lord Almighty" and "God Almighty." These renderings convey the sense of the Hebrew, namely, "he who is sovereign over all the 'hosts' (powers) in heaven and on earth, especially over the 'hosts' (armies) of Israel." For readers unacquainted with Hebrew this does not make clear the distinction between Sabaoth ("hosts" or "Almighty") and Shaddai (which can also be translated "Almighty"), but the latter occurs infrequently and is always footnoted. When Adonai and YHUH Sabaoth occur together, they are rendered "the Lord, the Lord Almighty."

New English Translation Preface:

The translation of the Divine Name represents special problems for all English Bibles. The most difficult issue is the handling of the so-called tetragrammaton, the four consonants which represent the name of God in the Old Testament. This was rendered traditionally as “Jehovah” in the King James Version, but it is generally recognized that this represents a combination of the consonants of the tetragrammaton, YHUH, and the vowels from a completely different Hebrew word, adonai (“master”), which were substituted by the Masoretes so that pronunciation of the Divine Name could be avoided: whenever YHUH appeared in the text, the presence of the vowels from the word adonai signaled to the reader that the word adonai was to be pronounced instead.

Today most Old Testament scholars agree that the vocalization of the Divine Name would originally have been something like Yahweh, and this has become the generally accepted rendering. The Executive Steering Committee of the NET Bible spent considerable time discussing whether or not to employ Yahweh in the translation. Several Old Testament editors and translators favored its use, reasoning that because of its use in the lyrics of contemporary Christian songs and its appearance in Bible study materials, the name Yahweh had gained more general acceptance. In spite of this, however, the Committee eventually decided to follow the usage of most English translations and render the Divine Name as “LORD” in small caps. Thus the frequent combination Yahweh elohim is rendered as LORD God.

Other combinations like Yahweh Sebaoth, traditionally rendered “Lord of Hosts,” have been translated either as “Sovereign Lord” or “the Lord who leads armies” depending on the context. Such instances are typically indicated by a translator’s note.

English Standard Version

In the translation of biblical terms referring to God, the ESV takes great care to convey the specific nuances of meaning of the original Hebrew and Greek terms.

First, concerning terms that refer to God in the Old Testament: God, the Maker of heaven and earth, introduced himself to the people of Israel with the special, personal name, whose consonants are YHUH (see Exodus 3:14-15). Scholars call this the “Tetragrammaton,” a Greek term referring to the four Hebrew letters YHUH.

The exact pronunciation of YHUH is uncertain, because the Jewish people considered the personal name of God to be so holy that it should never be spoken aloud. Instead of reading the word YHUH, they would normally read the Hebrew word adonai (“Lord”), and the ancient translations into Greek, Syriac, and Aramaic also followed suit. When the vowels of the word adonai are placed with the consonants of YHUH, this results in the familiar word Jehovah that was used in some earlier English Bible translations.

As is common among English translations today, the ESV usually renders the personal name of God (YHUH) with the word Lord (printed in small capitals). An exception to this is when the Hebrew word adonai appears together with YHUH, in which case the two words are rendered together as “the Lord [in lower case] God [in small capitals].”

In contrast to the personal name for God (YHUH), the more general name for God in Old Testament Hebrew is ’elohim and its related forms of ’el or ’eloah, all of which are normally translated “God” (in lower case letters). The use of these different ways to translate the Hebrew words for God is especially beneficial to the English reader, enabling the reader to see and understand the different ways that the personal name and the general name for God are both used to refer to the One True God of the Old Testament.

New Revised Standard Version-Preface

Careful readers will notice that here and there in the Old Testament the word Lord (or in certain cases God) is printed in capital letters. This represents the traditional manner in English versions of rendering the Divine Name, the "Tetragrammaton" (see the notes on Exodus 3.14, 15), following the precedent of the ancient Greek and Latin translators and the long established practice in the reading of the Hebrew Scriptures in the synagogue.

While it is almost if not quite certain that the Name was originally pronounced "Yahweh," this pronunciation was not indicated when the Masoretes added vowel sounds to the consonantal Hebrew text. To the four consonants YHUH of the Name, which had come to be regarded as too sacred to be pronounced, they attached vowel signs indicating that in its place should be read the Hebrew word Adonai meaning "Lord" (or Elohim meaning "God").

Ancient Greek translators employed the word Kyrios ("Lord") for the Name. The Vulgate likewise used the Latin word Dominus ("Lord"). The form "Jehovah" is of late medieval origin; it is a combination of the consonants of the Divine Name and the vowels attached to it by the Masoretes but belonging to an entirely different word.

Although the American Standard Version (1901) had used "Jehovah" to render the Tetragrammaton (the sound of Y being represented by J and the sound of W by V, as in Latin), for two reasons the Committees that produced the RSV and the NRSV returned to the more familiar usage of the King James Version.

(1) The word "Jehovah" does not accurately represent any form of the Name ever used in Hebrew.

(2) The use of any proper name for the one and only God, as though there were other gods from whom the true God had to be distinguished, began to be discontinued in Judaism before the Christian era and is inappropriate for the universal faith of the Christian Church.

Jeremiah 10:25 Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name..

Joel 2:32 And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever shall call on the name of the YHUH shall be delivered..

How can anyone call on His name if it is hidden away in the Scriptures by man?

Genesis 4:26
And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of YHUH.

Genesis 12:8
And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto YHUH, and called upon the name of YHUH.

Genesis 26:25
And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of YHUH, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac's servants digged a well.

1 Chronicles 16:8
Give thanks unto YHUH, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people.

Psalm 99:6
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon YHUH, and he answered them.

Psalm 105:1
O give thanks unto YHUH; call upon his name: make known his deeds among the people.

Psalm 116:4
Then called I upon the name of YHUH; O YAH, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.

Psalm 116:13
I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of YHUH.

Psalm 116:17
I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of YHUH.

Isaiah 12:4
And in that day shall ye say, Praise YHUH, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalted.

Isaiah 48:2
For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the Most High of Israel; YHUH of hosts is his name.

Jeremiah 25:29
For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith YHUH of hosts.

Lamentations 3:55
I called upon thy name, O YAH, out of the low dungeon.

Amos 5:8
Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: YHUH is his name:

Amos 9:6
It is he that buildeth his stories in the heaven, and hath founded his troop in the earth; he that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: YHUH is his name.

Zephaniah 3:9
For then will I turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon the name of YHUH, to serve him with one consent.

Acts 15:17
That the residue of men might seek after YHUH, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith YHUH, who doeth all these things.

Romans 10:13
For whosoever shall call upon the name of YHUH shall be saved.

The Creator's personal name was so important that he included it in the Ten Commandments.

But the question is this, how can you take his name in vain, if you don't know know his name?

Proverbs 30:4 (King James Version)

4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou canst tell?


3 Months In A Row: The Mis-Understanding

On April 1, 2014, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes


This is a Special Message to those that observe the Lunar Sabbath. Explaining Exodus 19:1

Lunar Sabbath keepers state that consecutive occurrences of three months in a row on the fifteenth day of the month can be ascertained from the Scriptures. This so-called proof is evidence that the Sabbath is always on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th day of a lunar month. But is this a true interpretation of Scripture?

The First Month

Numbers 33:3 “And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the Passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.”

The Second Month

Exodus 16:1 "And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt."

The Third Month

Exodus 19:1 "In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai."

The first two months are intact but the problem stems from the third month. Listen to the Book.

In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the "SAME" day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

Here is the problem with the KJV translation of this passage. The word "SAME" does not appear within the Hebrew text. There is a Hebrew demonstrative pronoun that appears where the word "SAME" was inserted by the translators. That pronoun should be the word "THIS."

Commentators got this part correct:

The same day. Literally, “on that day”—which can only mean “on the day that the month began”—on the 1st of Sivan. (H. D. M. Spence-Jones, ed., Exodus, The Pulpit Commentary, vol. 2, p. 104)

The same day.—According to the Jewish tradition this means on the first day of the third month, . . . (John Peter Lange, Philip Schaff, and Charles M. Mead, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Exodus, vol. 2, p. 69; emphasis in original)

A better translation of Exodus 19:1 would be, "In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, this day came they into the wilderness of Sinai."

Israel entered the wilderness of Sinai on the 1st day of the month. Why do I say this?

Look at Exodus 19:10-11; And YAH said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

[11] And be ready against the third day: for the third day YAH will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai.

If the 15th of the month were the Sabbath, why would YAH ask them to wash their clothes on the Sabbath? There is no indication in Exodus 19:1-1 of another day at this point. This would have to be the 1st day of the month.

Letus go to the Book of Jasher for more details. Jasher is a book mentioned in the Scriptures but it is not found within the Scriptures. See Joshua 10:13 & 2 Samuel 1:18.

Jasher 82:1 And the children of Israel proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Egypt.

Look at Jasher 82:6 And in the third month from the children of Israel's departure from Egypt, on the SIXTH DAY thereof, YAH gave to Israel the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai.

The 15th day of the 3rd month would be completely beyond the scope of the text found in Exodus 19:1 with all of the activity during that day.

Here is the sequence of days:

#1. Israel came into the wilderness of Mount Sinai on the 3rd month 1st day (verse1).

#2. Cleansing for sanctification began on today (1st day of the month) tomorrow (2nd day of the month) and the third day. YAH came upon the mount on the third day of the month (verse 10-11).

#3. YAH spoke the Ten Commandments on the 6th day of the month.

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