17 Reasons Why The Son Is Not The Father

On January 29, 2012, in The Name, by Milton Carnes

1. Yahusha said that The Father was the only supreme Almighty. John 17:3

2. Yahusha is called a Priest after the order of Malaky Tzadak. Hebrews 7,8

3. Yahusha is the Mediator between יהוה and man. 1 Timothy 2:5

4. Yahusha was appointed as an apostle by יהוה. Hebrews 3:1,2

5. Yahusha is called an intercessor between יהוה and man. Hebrews 7:25

6. יהוה is the head of Yahusha. 1 Corinthians 11:3

7. Yahusha says יהוה is greater than He is. John 14:28

8. Yahusha said that none is good but יהוה. Matthew 19:17

9. יהוה is called Yahusha’s Almighty. John 20:17; Mark 12:35-37

10. There is but one Supreme Almighty, the Father, of whom are all things
1 Corinthians 8:5,6

11. Power was given to Yahusha by יהוה. He did not have all power.
Matthew 28:18

12. Yahusha did His works in יהוה’s name and not His own. John 10:25

13. Yahusha’s doctrine is not His own, but יהוה’s. John 7:16,17

14. Yahusha was taught by יהוה. John 8:28

15. Yahusha said the Son could do nothing of Himself. John 5:19

16. Yahusha said only יהוה knows the time of His return. Mark 13:32

17. Who has ascended up into heaven, or descended? who has gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if you can tell? Proverbs 30:4


Passover Scriptures

On January 28, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

Exodus 10:
22 there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days;
23 they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24 And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said: 'Go ye, serve the YAHUH; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed; let your little ones also go with you.'
25 And Moses said: 'Thou must also give into our hand sacrifices and burnt-offerings, that we may sacrifice unto YAHUH Alahiym.
26 Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not a hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve YAHUH Alahiym; and we know not with what we must serve YAHUH, until we come thither.'
27 But YAHUH hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.
28 And Pharaoh said unto him: 'Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in the day thou seest my face thou shalt die.'
29 And Moses said: 'Thou hast spoken well; I will a see thy face again no more.'

Exodus 11
1 And YAHUH said unto Moses: 'Yet one plague more will I bring upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence; when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let them ask every man of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold.'
3 And YAHUH gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.
4 And Moses said: 'Thus saith YAHUH: About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt;
5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of cattle.
6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there hath been none like it, nor shall be like it any more.
7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog whet his tongue, against man or beast; that ye may know how that YAHUH doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.
8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down unto me, saying: Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee; and after that I will go out.' And he went out from Pharaoh in hot anger.
9 And YAHUH said unto Moses: 'Pharaoh will not hearken unto you; that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt:'
10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; and YAHUH hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Exodus 12
1 And YAHUH spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying:
2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying: In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household;
4 and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbor next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man's eating ye shall make your count for the lamb.
5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats;
6 and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at dusk.
7 And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.
10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
11 And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste--it is YAHUH's Passover.
12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night [14th], and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am YAHUH.
13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to the YAHUH; throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; howbeit the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses; for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
16 And in the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.
17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this self same day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall ye observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance for ever.
18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses; for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land.
20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.
21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them: 'Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.
22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.
23 For YAHUH will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, YAHUH will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.
25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which YAHUH will give you, according as He hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.
26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you: What mean ye by this service?
27 that ye shall say: It is the sacrifice of YAHUH's Passover, for that He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.' And the people bowed the head and worshipped.
28 And the children of Israel went and did so; as YAHUH had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
29 And it came to pass at midnight, that YAHUH smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said: 'Rise up, get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve YAHUH, as ye have said.
32 Take both your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and he gone; and bless me also.'
33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, to send them out of the land in haste; for they said: 'We are all dead men.'
34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.
35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment.
36 And YAHUH gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. And they despoiled the Egyptians.
37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.
38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.
40 Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty.

Exodus 13
1 And YAHUH spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Sanctify unto Me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast, it is Mine.'
3 And Moses said unto the people: 'Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand YAHUH brought you out from this place; there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
This day ye go forth in the month Abib.
5 And it shall be when YAHUH shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which He swore unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.
6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to YAHUH.
7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee, in all thy borders.
8 And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying: It is because of that which YAHUH did for me when I came forth out of Egypt.
9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thy hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the law of YAHUH may be in thy mouth; for with a strong hand hath YAHUH brought thee out of Egypt.
10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.
11 And it shall be when YAHUH shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanite, as He swore unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
12 that thou shalt set apart unto YAHUH all that openeth the womb; every firstling that is a male, which thou hast coming of a beast, shall be YAHUH's.
13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it. Then thou shalt break its neck; and all the firstborn of man among thy sons shalt thou redeem.
14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying: What is this? That thou shalt say unto him: By strength of hand YAHUH brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage;
15 and it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that YAHUH slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast; therefore I sacrifice to YAHUH all that openeth the womb, being males; but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.
16 And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes; for by strength of hand YAHUH brought us forth out of Egypt.'
17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that Alahiym led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for Alahiym said: 'Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt.'
18 But Alahiym led the people about, by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea; and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt.
19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him; for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying: 'Alahiym will surely remember you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.'
20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
21 And YAHUH went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them the way; and by. Night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; that they might go by day and by night:
22 the pillar of cloud by day, and the pillar of fire by night, departed not from before the people.

Exodus 34
1 And YAHUH said unto Moses: 'Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first; and I will write upon the tables the words that were on the first tables, which thou didst break.
2 And be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to Me on the top of the mount.
3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.'
4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as YAHUH had commanded him, and took in his hand two tables of stone.
5 And YAHUH descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed he name of YAHUH.
6 And YAHUH passed by before him, and proclaiming: 'YAHUH, YAHUH Alahiym, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth;
7 keeping mercy unto the thousandth generation, forgiving iniquity and ;transgression and sin; and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and unto the fourth generation.'
8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. 'And he said: 'If now I have found grace in Thy sight, 0 YAHUH let YAHUH, I pray Thee, go in the midst of us; for it is a stiff-necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for Thine inheritance.'
9 And He said: 'Behold, I make a covenant; before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been wrought in all the earth, nor in any nation; and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of YAHUH that I am about to do with thee, that it is tremendous.
11 Observe thou that which I am commanding thee this day; behold, I am driving out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest they be for a snare in the midst of thee.
13 But ye shall break down their altars, and dash in pieces their pillars, and ye shall cut down their Asherim.
14 For thou shalt bow down to no other god; for YAHUH, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous Alahiym;
15 lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go astray after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and they call thee, and thou eat of their sacrifice;
16 and thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go astray after their gods, and make thy sons go astray after their gods.
17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.
18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, at the time appointed in the month Abib, for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.
19 All that openeth the womb is Mine; and of all thy cattle thou shalt sanctify the males, the firstlings of ox and sheep.
20 And the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break its neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before Me empty.
21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest; in plowing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.
22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, even of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the turn of the year.
23 Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before YAHUH Alahiym, the Alahiym of Israel.
24 For I will cast out nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders; neither shall any man covet thy land, when thou goest up to appear before YAHUH Alahiym three times in the year.
25 Thou shaft not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the Passover be left unto the morning.
26 The choicest first-fruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of YAHUH Alahiym. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in its mother's milk.'
27 And YAHUH said unto Moses: 'Write thou these words, for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.'
28 And he was there with YAHUH forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten words.
29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of the testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses knew not that the skin of his face sent forth beams while He talked with him.
30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face sent forth beams; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him; and Moses spoke to them.
32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh, and he gave them in commandment all that YAHUH had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
33 And when Moses had done speaking with them, he put a veil on his face.
34 But when Moses went in before YAHUH that He might speak with him, he took the veil off, until he came out; and he came out, and spoke unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.
35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face sent forth beams; and Moses put the veil back upon his face, until he went in to speak with Him

Leviticus 23:1-9
1 And YAHUH spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: The appointed seasons of YAHUH, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are My appointed seasons.
3 Six days shall work be done; but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of work; it is a Sabbath unto YAHUH in all your dwellings.
4 These are the appointed seasons of YAHUH, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season.
5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at dusk, is YAHUH's Passover.
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto YAHUH; seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread.
7 1n the first day ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.
8 And ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto YAHUH seven days; in the seventh day is a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.
9 And YAHUH spoke unto Moses, saying:
10 'Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them:
When ye are come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest.
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before YAHUH, to b accepted for you; on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And in the day when you wave the sheaf, ye shall offer a he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt-offering unto YAHUH.
13 And the meal-offering there of shall be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil an offering made by fire unto YAHUH for a sweet savor; and the drink-offering thereof shall be of wine the fourth part of a hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor fresh ears, until this selfsame day, until ye have brought the offering of your Alahiym; it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the day (a=day of rest) of rest from the day that ye brought tin sheaf of the waving; seven weeks shall there be complete;
16 even unto the morrow after the seventh week shall ye number fifty days; and you shall present a new meal-offering unto YAHUH.
17 Ye shall bring out of your dwellings two wave loaves of two tenth parts of an ephah; they shall be of fine flour, they shall in baked with leaven, for first-fruit unto YAHUH.
18 And ye shall present with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and on young bullock, and two rams; they shall be a burnt-offering unto YAHUH, with their meal-offering, and their drink-offerings, even an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor unto YAHUH.
19 And ye shall offer one he-goat for a sin-offering, and two he-lambs of the first year for sacrifice of peace-offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruit as a wave-offering before YAHUH, with the two lambs; they shall be holy to YAHUH for the priest.
21 And ye shall make proclamation on the selfsame day; there shall be a holy convocation unto you; ye shall do no manner of servile work; it is a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

Numbers 33:1-3
1 These are the stages of the children of Israel, by which they went forth out of the land of Egypt by their hosts under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
2 And Moses wrote their goings forth, stage by stage, by the commandment of YAHUH; and these are their stages at their goings forth.
3 And they journeyed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow [H4283] after the passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians,
4 while the Egyptians were burying [their dead].

4283. mochorath, mokh-or-awth'; or mochoratham (H1 Sam. 30 : 17), mokh-or-aw-thawm'; fem. from the same as H4279; the morrow or (adv.) tomorrow:--morrow, next day. 4279. machar, maw-khar'; prob. from H309; prop. deferred, i.e. the morrow; usually (adv.) tomorrow; indef. hereafter:--time to come, tomorrow.

Deuteronomy 16:1-12
1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto YAHUH thy Alahiym; for in the month of Abib YAHUH Alahiym brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
2 And thou shalt sacrifice the Passover-offering unto YAHUH Alahiym, of the flock and the herd, in the place which YAHUH shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for in haste didst thou come forth out of the land of Egypt; that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
4 And there shall be no leaven seen with thee in all thy borders seven days; neither shall any of the flesh, which thou sacrificest the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the Passover-offering within any of thy gates, which YAHUH Alahiym giveth thee;
6 but at the place which YAHUH Alahiym shall choose to cause His name to dwell in, there thou shalt sacrifice the Passover-offering at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
7 And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which YAHUH Alahiym shall choose; and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go .unto thy tents.
8 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread; and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to YAHUH Alahiym thou shalt do no work therein.
9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee; from the time the sickle is first put to the standing corn shalt thou begin to number seven weeks.
10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto YAHUH Alahiym after the measure of the freewill-offering of thy hand, which thou shalt give, according as YAHUH Alahiym blesseth thee.
11 And thou shalt rejoice before YAHUH Alahiym, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are in the midst of thee, in the place which YAHUH Alahiym shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
12 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt; and thou shalt observe and do these things

1 Corinthians 5
1 It is reported commonly that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife.
2 And ye are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you.
3 For I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed,
4 In the name of Yahusha Ha Mashiach, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of Yahusha Ha Mashiach,
5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of Yahusha Ha Mashiach.
6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even The Messiah our passover is sacrificed for us:
8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.


Is Sunday Worship Mentioned in the Bible?

On January 23, 2012, in Sabbath(s), by Milton Carnes

The word "Sunday" does not appear any place in the Bible, but the phrase "first day of the week" is found in the New Testament. It occurs in exactly eight places. Examining these eight texts will prove insightful.

If the day was changed by Bible authority—if Christians are to find any biblical authorization whatsoever for observing Sunday as the "Lord's day" today—then we must find that authority in one of these eight texts!

Since the Bible clearly establishes the seventh day of the week as the Sabbath up to the time of the crucifixion, there can be no biblical authority for Sunday observance unless we find it clearly and plainly stated in one of these eight New Testament passages. We should examine them carefully, honestly, prayerfully.

1. Matthew 28:1 "Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb." Matthew wrote these words, under inspiration of the Holy Spirit, several years after the New Testament church came into being.

This scripture tells us plainly that three days and three nights after all that was done away had been securely "nailed to the cross," the Sabbath was still the day before the first day of the week—still the seventh day of the week.

One point is here plainly proved. Many tell us that the Sabbath command is merely for "one day in seven"—that it does not have to be the seventh day of the week, but merely the seventh part of time. They argue that Sunday, being one day out of seven, fulfills the command. But this passage states in plain language that, three days after all abolished things had been done away, the Sabbath still existed and that it was the seventh day of the week. But was the day changed later?

2. Mark 16:2 "Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen." This first day of the week was, according to verse 1, "when the Sabbath was past." This text, then, proves the same thing as Matthew 28:1. The Sabbath was still the seventh day of the week.

3. Mark 16:9: "Now when He rose [was risen, KJV] early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons." This text, poorly translated, speaks of Yahusha's appearance to Mary Magdalene later the same day.

Nothing here calls the first day of the week the Christian Sabbath. Nothing here calls it "the Lord's Day." Nothing here hallows Sunday or says Alahiym made it holy. Nothing here commands us to observe it. Nothing here sets it apart as a memorial of the resurrection, or for any purpose. It contains no command or example of rest on this day—no authority for observing Sunday.

4. Luke 24:1: "Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared." This text reiterates the same event recorded by Matthew and Mark. It also shows that on the first day of the week these women came to do the work of a common weekday, after having rested the Sabbath day "according to the commandment" (Luke 23:56).

The Holy Spirit inspired this statement. YAH knew the Sabbath was not abolished, and had Luke write this approximately thirty years later! YAH inspired Luke to say that the "rest" these women took on the Sabbath day was "according to the commandment"—a statement that would not be possible had the commandment been abolished.

This text, then, establishes Sunday as a common workday, and that, at the time of its writing, the command to keep the Sabbath had not been abolished.

5. John 20:1: "On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark. . . ." This, written more than sixty years after the crucifixion, is merely John's version, describing the same visit to the tomb. It confirms the facts above.

6. John 20:19: "Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, 'peace be with you.'" Let us examine this carefully, for some claim this was a religious service called to celebrate the resurrection.

Notice this is the same first day of the week that followed the Sabbath. It was Yahusha's first opportunity to appear to His disciples. For three and a half years, He had been constantly with them, on all days of the week. His meeting with them, of itself, could not establish any day as a Sabbath.

Were they meeting together to celebrate the resurrection, thus establishing Sunday as the Christian Sabbath in honor of the resurrection? The text gives the reason they were together: "for fear of the Jews"! The Jews had just taken, tried, and handed their Master over to the Romans for crucifixion. They were afraid! The doors were shut and probably bolted because of their fear. In addition, they were there because they all lived together in this upper room (Acts 1:13). Finally—and conclusively—they did not assemble to celebrate the resurrection because they did not believe Yahusha was risen (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:37, 39, 41).

Nothing in this text calls this day the "Sabbath," the "Lord's Day," or any sacred title. Nothing here sets it apart or makes it holy. Scripture gives no authority here for changing a command of YAH!

7. Acts 20:7: "Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight."

Here, at last, we find a religious meeting on the first day of the week, but it was not a "Sunday meeting," that is, a church service. . Notice, Paul continued his speech until midnight, and verse 8 says, "There were many lamps in the upper room where they were gathered together." It indeed occurred after sunset, before midnight. This meeting and Paul's preaching—at most, it was what we would call a Bible study today—took place during the hours we now call Saturday night.

However, it is clear from subsequent verses that Paul and his companions treated this first day of the week, as a normal workday. Paul's companions sailed around a peninsula from Troas to Assos (verse 13)—a distance of fifty or sixty miles—while Paul, afoot, walked overland more than 19 miles (verses 11, 14). His companions were engaged in the labor of rowing and sailing a boat while Paul was preaching that Saturday night. Then, at the break of day Sunday morning, he set out to walk from Troas to Assos—a good hard day's work! He would not do this except on a common workday!

8. I Corinthians 16:2: "On the first day of the week let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper that there be no collections when I come." Often we see this text printed on the little offering envelopes in the pews of churches, and many preach that this text sets Sunday as the time for taking up the church collection for doing God's work and paying the minister and church expenses.

This verse says nothing of the sort!

Verse 1 tells us what kind of collection is being made: "Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given orders to the churches of Galatia, so you must do also." First, it is a collection—not for the preacher, evangelism, or church expenses—but "for the saints." The members of the church in Jerusalem were suffering from drought and famine. They needed, not money, but food.

Notice that Paul had given similar instruction to other churches. He tells the Romans:

But now I am going to Jerusalem to minister to the saints. For it pleased those from Macedonia and Achaia [where Corinth is located] to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints who are at Jerusalem. . . . Therefore, when I have performed this and have sealed to them this fruit, I shall go by way of you to Spain. (Romans 15:25-28)

It was not money, but fruit that was being prepared for shipment to the poor saints at Jerusalem! The Greek word can also refer to grain, wine, and other produce that can be stored a long time without spoiling.

In I Corinthians 16:2, does Paul say they should give money at a church service? Not at all! He says, "Let each one of you lay something aside, storing up. . . ." Note this! He is telling them to put something aside for a special use, to store it—at home! Why? Because Paul did not want there be any collecting done when he arrived. He wanted this gift for the Jerusalem church to be ready for shipment.

"And when I come, whomever you approve by your letters I will send to bear your gift to Jerusalem. But if it is fitting that I go also, they [more than one] will go with me" (verses 3-4). Apparently it was going to require several men to carry this collection, gathered and stored up, to Jerusalem. If it were a tithe or offering for the minister or to spread the gospel, Paul could have carried the money alone.

Thus, once again, the first day of the week is a workday, a day for gathering fruit and food out of the orchards, fields, and gardens, and for storing it up. This labor was to be done on the first day as soon as the Sabbath was past!

Upon honest examination, not one of the texts speaking about "the first day of the week" sets it apart as a rest day. Not one makes it holy, calls it the Sabbath or by any other sacred title. In every case, the first day of the week was a common workday. In none of them was there a religious meeting and preaching service being held on the hours we now call Sunday. In none of them can we find a single shred of Bible authority for Sunday observance!

Source: http://www.sabbath.org/ Kingdom-info is not associated with nor does Kingdom-info support all of the teachings and/or beliefs of “http://www.sabbath.org/”. This article is used solely to demonstrate a teaching on “Sunday Is Not The Sabbath”. Names have been changed to reflect the beliefs of Kingdom-Info.

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Christian Confessions About Sunday

On January 22, 2012, in Sabbath(s), by Milton Carnes

Sunday is often spoken of as "the Christian Sabbath," but this is not a technical description. Sunday is not a strict replacement for the Sabbath, but a day the Catholic Church (Early Church) instituted to fulfill a parallel function. Thus Ignatius of Antioch, the earliest Church Father to address this question, states that Christian converts "have given up keeping the Sabbath and now order their lives by the Lord's Day instead, the day when life first dawned for us, thanks to him [Christ] and his death." (Letter to the Magnesians 9 [A.D. 107]).

Yes it was the Catholic Bishop of Rome (later known as Pope) who officially changed the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday in Christendom after Constantine the Great's 321 A.D. edict. Sylvester I (314-335 A.D.) was the Bishop of Rome during the reign of Constantine who gave his "stamp of approval" to the 321 Edict. Sylvester I did this because being in the office of the Bishop of Rome, with its positional authority. Thus, nodding his approval. This change from Saturday to Sunday was later confirmed at a council of Bishops at the Council of Laodicea (363 A.D.) said; "Christians must not Judaize by resting on the Sabbath"...meaning Saturday.
Sylvester I (314-337 A.D.) was the pope during the reign of Constantine. Here is what he thought of the Bible Sabbath: "If every Sunday is to be observed joyfully by the Christians on account of the resurrection, then every Sabbath on account of the burial is to be execration [loathing or cursing] of the Jews."--quoted by S. R. E. Humbert, Adversus Graecorum calumnias 6, in Patrologie Cursus Completus, Series Latina, ed. J.P. Migne, 1844, p. 143.
The Baptist Manual
" There was and is a command to keep holy the Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday. It will however be readily said, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to the first day of the week, with all its duties, privileges and sanctions. Earnestly desiring information on this subject, which I have studied for many years, I ask, where can the record of such a transaction be found: Not in the New Testament – absolutely not. There is no scriptural evidence of the change of the Sabbath institution from the seventh to the first day of the week Dr. Edward Hiscox, author of The Baptist Manual
"To me it seems unaccountable that Jesus, during three years' discussion with His disciples, often conversing with them upon the Sabbath question, discussing it in some of its various aspects, freeing it from its false [Jewish traditional] glosses, never alluded to any transference of the day; also, that during the forty days of His resurrection life, no such thing was intimated. Nor, so far as we know, did the Spirit, which was given to bring to their remembrance all things whatsoever that He had said unto them, deal with this question. Nor yet did the inspired apostles, in preaching the gospel, founding churches, counseling and instructing those founded, discuss or approach the subject.

Of course I quite well know that Sunday did come into use in early Christian history as a religious day as we learn from the Christian Fathers and other sources. But what a pity that it comes branded with the mark of Paganism, and christened with the name of the sun-god, then adopted and sanctified by the Papal apostasy, and bequeathed as a sacred legacy to Protestantism." Dr. E. T. Hiscox, report of his sermon at the Baptist Minister's Convention, in 'New York Examiner,' November 16, 1893 (The leader / spokesman for the Roman Catholic Church agrees with this statement.See Below)

"The Scriptures nowhere call the first day of the week the Sabbath. . .There is no Scriptural authority for so doing, nor of course, any Scriptural obligation." The Watchman.
"We believe that the law of God is the eternal and unchangeable rule of His moral government."-"Baptist Church Manual," Art. 12.
"There was never any formal or authoritative change from the Jewish seventh-day Sabbath to the Christian first-day observance." -WILLIAM OWEN CARVER, "The Lord's Day in Our Day," page 49.
"There is nothing in Scripture that requires us to keep Sunday rather than Saturday as a holy day." Harold Lindsell (editor), Christianity Today, Nov. 5, 1976
"There was never any formal or authoritative change from the Jewish seventh day Sabbath to the Christian first day observance" William Owen Carver, The Lord's Day in One Day p.49
Roman Catholic
"Nowhere in the bible do we find that [Yahushua] or the apostles ordered that the Sabbath be changed from Saturday to Sunday. We have the commandment of [Yah] given to Moses to keep holy the Sabbath day, that is, the seventh day of the week, Saturday. Today, most Christians keep Sunday because it has been revealed to us by the [Roman] church outside the bible." Catholic Virginian, Oct. 3, 1947
Question: "Have you not any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?"
Answer: "Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her - she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday, the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority" Stephen Keenan, A Doctrinal Catechism 3rd ed. p. 174
Some theologians have held that G-d likewise directly determined the Sunday as the day of worship in the NEW LAW, that he himself has explicitly substituted Sunday for the Sabbath. But this theory is entirely abandoned. It is now commonly held that G-d simply gave His church the power to set aside whatever day or days she would deem suitable as holy days. The church chose Sunday, the first day of the week, and in the course of time added other days as holy days." John Laux A Course in Religion for Catholic High Schools and Academies 1936, vol. 1 p. 51
"We have made the change from the seventh day to the first day, from Saturday to Sunday, on the authority of the one holy Catholic Church" Bishop Seymour Why We Keep Sunday
But they err in teaching that Sunday has taken the place of the Old Testament Sabbath and therefore must be kept as the seventh day had to be kept by the children of Israel.....These churches err in their teaching, for scripture has in no way ordained the first day of the week in place of the Sabbath. There is simply no law in the New Testament to that effect" John Theodore Mueller, Sabbath or Sunday, pp.15, 16
"We have seen how gradually the impression of the Jewish Sabbath faded from the mind of the Christian church, and how completely the newer thought underlying the observance of the first day too possession of the church. We have seen that the Christian of the first three centuries never confused one with the other, but for a time celebrated both." The Sunday Problem, a study book by the Lutheran Church (1923) p.36
"They [Roman Catholics] refer to the Sabbath Day, as having been changed into the L-rd's Day, contrary to the Decalogue, as it seems. Neither is there any example whereof they make more than concerning the changing of the Sabbath Day. Great, say they, is the power of the Church, since it has dispensed with one of the Ten commandments!" Augsburg Confession of Faith, art. 28;written by Melanchthon and approved by Martin Luther, 1530; as published in The Book of Concord of the Evangelical Lutheran Church Henry Jacobs, editor (1911), p.63
"Sunday being the first day of which the Gentiles solemnly adored that planet and called it Sunday, partly from its influence on that day especially, and partly in respect to its divine body (as they conceived it) the Christians thought fit to keep the same day and the same name of it, that they might not appear carelessly peevish, and by that means hinder the conversion of the Gentiles, and bring a greater prejudice that might be otherwise taken against the gospel" T.M. Morer, Dialogues on the L-rd's Day
Moody Bible Institute
"The Sabbath was binding in Eden, and it has been in force ever since. This Fourth Commandment begins with the word 'remember,' showing that the Sabbath had already existed when [Yah] wrote the law on the tables of stone at Sinai. How can men claim that this one commandment has been done away with when they admit that the other nine are still binding? D.L. Moody, Weighed and Wanting, p.47
The moral law contained in the Ten Commandments, and enforced by the prophets, He [Christ] did not take away. It was not the design of His coming to revoke any part of this. This is a law which can never be broken...Every part of this law must remaining force upon all mankind and in all ages; as not depending either on time or place, or any other circumstances liable to change, but on the nature of man, and their unchangeable relation to each other." John Wesley, Sermons on Several Occasions, Vol.1, No. 25
"Take the matter of Sunday. There are indications in the new testament as to how the church came to keep the first day of the week as its day of worship, but there is no passage telling Christians to keep that day or to transfer the Jewish Sabbath to that day." Harris Franklin Rall, Christian Advocate July 2, 1942 pg. 26


Outline Of The Synoptic Gospels

On January 21, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

The Gospel according to Mark
Introduction: John the Immerser & Yahusha (1:1-15)
Early Ministry: Yahusha heals, preaches and teaches, in Galilee and beyond (1:16 – 6:6)
Expanded Ministry: Yahusha continues preaching, healing, and encountering opposition (6:7 – 8:21)
Central Section: Yahusha and his disciples journey "On the Way" to Jerusalem (8:22 – 10:52)
(incl. three passion predictions, framed by two healings of blind men)
Final Ministry: Yahusha confronts the authorities in Jerusalem; apocalyptic discourse (11:1 – 13:37)
Passion Narrative: Yahusha's Last Supper, arrest, trials, crucifixion, death, burial (14:1 – 15:47)
Conclusion: the women find Yahusha's tomb empty (16:1-8) - vv. 9-20 are not original, but added later

Material found only in Mark:

1:1 - Introductory Verse
3:19b-21 - Yahusha's Family Tries to Restrain Him
4:26-29 - The Parable of the Seed Growing of Itself
7:31-37 - Yahusha Heals a Deaf Man in the Decapolis
8:22-26 - Yahusha Gives Sight to the Blind Man of Bethsaida
14:51-52 - A Young Man Runs Away Naked after Yahusha's Arrest
[16:14-18] - [The Commissioning of the Eleven]

The Gospel according to Matthew
Genealogy & Infancy Narrative: 1–2
Narrative: 3–4
First Discourse: "Sermon on Mount": 5–7
Narrative: 8–9
Second Discourse: "Missionary Instructions": 10
Narrative: 11–12
Third Discourse: "Parables Collection": 13
Narrative: 14–17
Fourth Discourse: "Community Instructions": 18
Narrative: 19–22
Fifth Discourse: "Sermon": 23–25
Passion & Resurrection Narrative: 26–28

Note: This structure was not invented by modern scholars, but is indicated by Matthew himself, who at the end of each of these five discourses writes, "When Yahusha had finished saying these things..." (or something very similar; see 7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; and 26:1).

Material found only in Matthew:

1:1 - Introductory Verse
1:18-2:23 - The Infancy Narrative (incl. Dreams of Joseph, Birth of Yahusha, Visit of the Magi, Flight into Egypt, Massacre of the Infants of Bethlehem, Return from Egypt)
5:17-20, 21-24, 27-29, 31, 33-38, 43 - Yahusha teaches about the Law, Anger, Adultery, and Oaths
6:1-8, 16-19 - Teaching about Almsgiving and about Fasting
7:6, 15-17 - Sayings about Pearls before Swine, and False Prophets
7:28-29 - Conclusion to the Sermon on the Mount
9:27-31 - The Healing of the Two Blind Men (cf. 20:29-34)
9:35-38 - A Summary of the Compassion of Yahusha
10:22-23 - Part of Yahusha's Teaching about Upcoming Persecutions
11:1 - Narrator's Conclusion to Yahusha' Missionary Discourse
11:28-30 - The Gentle Mastery of The Messiah
13:24-30 - The Parable of the Weeds among the Wheat
13:36-43 - The Explanation of the Parable of the Weeds
13:44-52 - Three More Parables and a Concluding Dialogue
14:28-31 - Peter Attempts to Walk on Water
16:17-19 - Yahusha' Response to Peter's Confession
17:24-27 - Dialogue about Payment of the Temple Tax
18:15-20, 21-35 - A Brother Who Sins, and The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant
19:10-12 - The Disciples React to Yahusha' Teaching on Divorce
20:1-16 - The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard
21:28-32 - The Parable of the Two Sons
Almost all of Ch. 23 - Prohibition of Titles, Woes to the Scribes and Pharisees
25:1-13 - The Parable of the Ten Bridesmaids
25:31-46 - The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats
27:3-10 - The Death of Judas
27:24-25 - Pilate Washes His Hands
27:52-53 - Resuscitation of the Saints
27:62-66 - The Guard Posted at the Tomb
28:11-15 - The Report of the Guard
28:16-20 - The Commissioning of the Disciples
Material in other Gospels but significantly different in Matthew:
1:2-17 - The Genealogy of Yahusha
Most of Ch. 5–7 - The Sermon on the Mount (esp. 5:3-12; 6:9-15; 7:15-20)
Most of Ch. 10 - The Missionary Discourse
12:33-37 - The Tree and Its Fruit
16:13-23 - Peter's Confession about Yahusha
Much of Ch. 18 - The Community Discourse
22:1-14 - The Parable of the Wedding Feast
25:14-30 - The Parable of the Talents

The Gospel according to Luke
Literary Preface & Infancy Narrative: 1:1 – 2:52
Preparation for Ministry: 3:1 – 4:13
Galilean Ministry: 4:14 – 9:50
Journey to Jerusalem: 9:51 – 19:27
Jerusalem Ministry: 19:28 – 21:38
Passion Narrative: 22:1 – 23:56
Resurrection Appearances & Ascension: 24:1-53

Material found only in Luke:

1:1-4 - The Literary Prologue (Dedication to Theophilus)
1:5 – 2:52 - The Infancy Narrative (incl. Announcement of John's Birth, Announcement of Yahusha' Bsirth, Mary Visits Elizabeth, Canticle of Mary, Birth of John, Canticle of Zechariah, Birth of Yahusha, Visit of the Shepherds, Circumcision and Naming of Yahusha, Presentation at the Temple, Return to Nazareth, and Boy Yahusha in the Temple)
3:10-14 - John the Baptist Replies to Questioners
4:14-30 - Yahusha Preaches and is Rejected at Nazareth
5:1-11 - The Call of Simon the Fisherman
6:24-26 - Four "Woes" added after the Beatitudes
7:11-17 - The Raising of the Widow's Son at Nain
8:1-3 - Galilean Women Follow Yahusha
Much of 9:51 – 18:14 - Yahusha and His Disciples Journey to Jerusalem (incl. Rejection by Samaritan Villagers, Mission of the Seventy, Parable of the Good Samaritan, Martha and Mary, Parable of a Friend at Midnight, Warning against Avarice, Parable of the Rich Fool, Parable of the Barren Fig Tree, Healing a Crippled Woman, Healing a Man with Dropsy, Teachings for Guests and Hosts, Cost of Discipleship, Parable of the Lost Coin, Parable of the Lost/Prodigal Son, Parable of the Unjust Steward, Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus, Unprofitable Servants, Cleansing of Ten Lepers, Parable of the Widow and Judge; Prayers of the Pharisee and Publican)
19:1-11 - Zacchaeus the Tax Collector
19:39-44 - Yahusha Laments over Jerusalem
22:15-17, 31-32, 35-38 - Some of Yahusha' Words at the Last Supper
23:2-16 - Yahusha Appearances before Pilate and before Herod
23:27-31 - On the Way to the stake, Yahusha Speaks to some Weeping Women
23:34, 39-43, 46 - The Repentant Thief, and some Details of the Crucifixion
24:13-35, 36-49 - Yahusha Appears to Disciples on the Road to Emmaus, and in Jerusalem
24:50-53 - The Ascension of Yahusha

Material in other Gospels but significantly different in Luke:
3:1-2 - The Preaching of John the Baptist
3:23-38 - The Genealogy of Yahusha
6:20-26 - The Beatitudes (at the beginning of the Sermon on the Plain)
7:36-50 - The Pardon of the Sinful Woman
9:18-22 - Peter's Confession about Yahusha
11:1-8 - Prayer and Further Teachings on Prayer
14:16-24 - The Parable of the Great Feast
19:12-27 - The Parable of the Ten Gold Coins
21:34-38 - The Exhortation to be Vigilant
22:15-38 - Yahusha's Discourses at the Last Supper (incl. The Betrayal Foretold, The Role of the Disciples, Peter's Denial Foretold, and Instructions for the Time of Crisis)
24:1-12 - The Empty Tomb Story

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The Role of Women In The Assembly

On January 19, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

While this study is entitled "The Role of Women in the Body of Messiah" it is actually more than that. It is about the role of both men and women in the assembly, and in the home. They are all related and quite inseparable. I believe YAH wants to give us abundant blessings in a great and mighty way but I am concerned that our cultural mindset has affected our understanding of scripture. One of the ways that our culture has affected us strongly is understanding the roles of men and women in a marriage, and in the congregation. Today, men often behave as women and women often behave as men. I do not believe it is easy for any of us to truly be content and at peace until we appreciate and desire to fulfill the purpose YAH created us to fulfill.

The main purpose of this study is to see what the scriptures have to say concerning the position of a woman in the family and in the assembly according to the word of YAH. Once a woman's purpose is understood, it quickly becomes evident what a man needs to be doing. I know that some will inevitably be scoffers of this message. But if we are willing to consider what the scriptures clearly teach and refuse to be influenced by fears incited by past oppressions and/or the modern-day "women's lib" movement, I believe that everyone will experience a new found freedom in the Messiah that YAH greatly desires to give.

In the Beginning

One of the best ways to understand the proper role of women in the assembly is to have a good understanding of what YAH's intended purpose was for woman from the very beginning. For this reason, we will spend some time examining the first couple chapters of Genesis.

First, let's first examine the role of Man/Adam:

Genesis 1:26 And Alahiym said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Adam was made in the image of Alahiym. Before woman was formed, Adam was created to 'have dominion' over all creation. But in all creation there was not found an 'help meet' for man:

Genesis 2:18 And YAH Alahiym said, [It is] not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. [19] And out of the ground YAH Alahiym formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought [them] unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that [was] the name thereof. [20] And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.

Note that YAH brought Adam the very things he was to have dominion over so that he could give names to them. Throughout scripture, those who gave names had authority over who or what was being named. For instance, YAH changed Jacob's name to Israel and Abram's name to Abraham. YAH the Father named His son "Yahusha" just as parents name their own children. Yahusha renamed Simon to Kepha/Peter. So when a person received a name, it was by one who was in authority over them. YAH named Himself since there is none greater. Sadly though, man seeks to exalt himself by renaming him (the Lord, God, Adonai, etc).

Notice also that of all the animals and birds that were brought to Adam, there were none that were considered a help meet for him. Thus, the solution:

Genesis 2:21 And YAH Alahiym caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; [22] And the rib, which YAH Alahiym had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

At this point I would like you to imagine for a moment that you are Adam. Longing to not be alone, you had just given names to all that was in your dominion and you sought diligently for a helper that was suitable, but found none. The next thing you know YAH brings you a woman whom He created out of your own flesh. At that moment I think I would have been saying, "What an awesome gift from YAH!" And indeed she still is. So she is to be treated as an awesome gift from YAH, to be loved and cherished. To love and cherish her is an act of thanksgiving to YAH. Let's keep reading:

[23] And Adam said, This [is] now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. [24] Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

What a beautiful thing YAH has done! Now do we see any indication here that YAH wanted woman to have any dominion over Adam? No, she was made from Adam and Adam is the one who named her "woman" (Hebrew: Isha). She was not created to be his authority figure. Rather, the purpose YAH had in mind when creating woman was for her to help or assist the man. As we will see later, this is the reason why a woman is not to have authority over a man. This is her role all throughout the scriptures. She is to be loved and cherished by man in the home, and in the assembly. Every scripture which speaks of a man's and woman's role must be interpreted with this understanding as its backdrop. In the same way a fish was made to swim in the water and a bird to fly in the heavens, woman was created to be a help and companion to man.

Now imagine for a moment that you are Eve ("Chawah", as Adam named her in Genesis 3:20). Before YAH took her from Adam she did not exist. So in one moment she was nothing, and in the next moment she was. She was then brought to Adam to be a help to him. I think we can be sure that she didn't have any problem understanding her purpose. She was created for Adam, to be a companion, to be a help and to assist him. This is what a woman was created to do. Understanding this will help us to understand the role of women in the body of Messiah. We can be sure that her role in the body of Messiah fits well with what she was created to do. It is sure to be a role that is one of support, help and assistance to the man.

The Fall

The fall of mankind is surely the saddest story in all of scripture. The sinful and rebellious nature we struggle against every day is a result of the fall. It was this fall that has brought all of the suffering and pain in this world. It was this fall that brought Yahusha to this earth to bear our sin and suffer for us. Let's read:

Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which YAH Alahiym had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath Alahiym said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

The serpent was first seeking to cause her to doubt YAH's word. She responded very well:

[2] And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: [3] But of the fruit of the tree which [is] in the midst of the garden, Alahiym hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

The reason why I believe she responded very well is because she quoted YAH's words. This is what Yahusha did when he was tempted by satan (compare Matthew 4:1-10). Now some claim that she misquoted YAH because we don't have a record of YAH saying, "neither shall ye touch" the tree, but scripture does not always record everything spoken. So YAH could have told them at some point that they were not to "touch" the tree either. We all know where touching it would lead anyway.

[4] And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: [5] For Alahiym doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as Alahiym, knowing good and evil.

This is the first lie recorded in scripture. This lie deceived Eve into believing that if she would eat from the tree, she would be "as Alahiym, knowing good and evil". The temptation was that she could rise up out of the place YAH created her to be, and be just like YAH Himself. The "subtle" implication from the serpent was that YAH had only forbidden her from eating that tree because He didn't want her to be like Him, the "Most High". So this temptation was not only an attempt to get Eve to rise up out of the place YAH created her to be, but it was also an attack on the integrity of YAH's word. It is an imitation of satan himself to exalt yourself and seek to be "like the Most High" (Isaiah 14:14), so it is no surprise that he would tempt Eve with the same. Today, with the "women's lib" movement and world view, women have again fallen prey to the temptation of rising up out of the place YAH created her to be.

[6] And when the woman saw that the tree [was] good for food, and that it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make [one] wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

So Eve's response to this temptation was to look at the fruit with her eyes, and after noticing that it was good for food and what she thought it would do for her, she took the fruit and ate. As we know, it did not give her what she had hoped. She was greatly deceived! Now let's not fall prey to the idea that this was just a cute little story about the beginning of creation. This is what brought the world into the awful condition it is today! Think of all the sin you have read, heard about or experienced yourself. The most heinous crimes imaginable are here because of this one decision.

Notice also that she "gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat". So Adam was right there with her while all of this was going on! Adam failed to exercise his authority and take the lead in this situation. I think He could have said, "Eve, let's get out of here" or at least quote YAH's words as Yahusha did when he was tempted. But instead he went ahead and ate the fruit when she handed it to him. Why did he eat the fruit? Was he deceived also? As we will see, Adam was not deceived but he simply chose to do what he knew was wrong.

[7] And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they [were] naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. [8] And they heard the voice of YAH Alahiym walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of YAH Alahiym amongst the trees of the garden. [9] And YAH Alahiym called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where [art] thou? [10] And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I [was] naked; and I hid myself. [11] And he said, Who told thee that thou [wast] naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? [12] And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest [to be] with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. [13] And YAH Alahiym said unto the woman, What [is] this [that] thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Notice the two different responses. Eve said that the serpent 'beguiled' (deceived) her, but Adam just said that the woman gave her the fruit and he ate it. Thus, scripture records:

1 Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.

As a result of this, YAH said:
[14] And YAH Alahiym said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: [15] And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

So the serpent was cursed and YAH predicted the seed of satan would ultimately bruise the heel of the woman's seed. And while Adam failed to exercise his dominion over the serpent, Yahusha would overcome the serpent's temptations and not yield, though He would be wounded in the process. Therefore, Yahusha is worthy to receive all power and authority (Matthew 28:18). We who are in Messiah again have authority over the serpent because while he may be the ruler of this world, we are part of a greater kingdom and have a greater King!

Luke 10:19 - Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.

We who are in Messiah will likewise triumph if we participate in His death and resurrection:

Colossians 2:12 buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of Alahiym, who raised Him from the dead.

2 Timothy 2:11-12 This is a faithful saying: For if we died with Him, We shall also live with Him. [12] If we endure, We shall also reign with Him. If we deny Him, He also will deny us.

But those who do not choose this way will continue in their sins and are considered children of the devil:

1 John 3:8-10 He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of Alahiym was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil. Whosoever is born of Alahiym doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of Alahiym. [10] In this the children of Alahiym are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of Alahiym, neither he that loveth not his brother.

The evidence of one being a child of YAH versus a child of the devil is whether or not a person is doing righteousness. As mothers and fathers, we want to bear children who are children of Alahiym. This is YAH's will for marriage. This is why Yahusha warned so strongly about offending the little ones or putting a stumbling block in their path. Both men and women are capable of being a stumbling block to this goal being reached. Thus, it is written:

Malachi 2:13-16 And this is the second thing you do: You cover the altar of YAH with tears, With weeping and crying; So He does not regard the offering anymore, Nor receive it with goodwill from your hands. [14] Yet you say, "For what reason?" Because YAH has been witness Between you and the wife of your youth, With whom you have dealt treacherously; Yet she is your companion And your wife by covenant. [15] But did He not make them one, Having a remnant of the Spirit? And why one? He seeks righteous offspring (Hebrew: "Seed of Alahiym"). Therefore take heed to your spirit, And let none deal treacherously with the wife of his youth. [16] "For YAH Alahiym of Israel says That He hates divorce, For it covers one's garment with violence," Says YAH of hosts. "Therefore take heed to your spirit, That you do not deal treacherously."

A man dealing treacherously with this wife by divorcing her is a hindrance to YAH's desire of having a "Seed of Alahiym" as these verses declare. Today's divorce rate accompanied with hurting and weeping children is indeed evidence of that. In scripture, a man's role is compared to that of Messiah and a woman's role is compared to the role of the assembly, His bride.

Ephesians 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Messiah also loved the church and gave Himself for her,

Ephesians 5:22 Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to YAH.

Together, they are to bear children for the purposes of having a 'seed of Alahiym' that will build the kingdom of YAH and destroy the works of the devil. When either one fails to fulfill the role they were created to be in, it is a hindrance to their children being the 'seed of Alahiym' that YAH desires.

Getting back to Genesis, we see that the woman was predicted to bear the seed that would destroy the works of the devil. But YAH says she will bring forth children in sorrow, and in case any might think that her lofty goal was successful in any way, YAH clarifies that she will still be under her husband's authority rather than being "like Alahiym" as satan claimed.

Genesis 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire [shall be] to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

But to Adam: [17] And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed [is] the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat [of] it all the days of thy life; [18] Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; [19] In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.

YAH punished Adam because he "hearkened (listened) unto the voice of his wife". So it was the act of Adam obeying her voice that also brought this world into its current state. Man was created to lead and have dominion. Woman was created to be a help to Adam. It was her decision to take the lead that resulted in the fall of man. Again, this is no small thing! To save us from this poor decision, YAH had to send His only begotten Son into the world and Yahusha endured a tremendous amount of grief, pain and suffering to redeem us back to righteousness again. The message in Genesis is clear. Woman was not created to lead man. And as we will see later, this is why she is to be submissive and this is why she is to "learn in silence" rather than taking a leadership role in the body of Messiah.

In light of the above, it is understandable why men have the power to overrule the words of his daughter or wife...even if she made a vow:

Numbers 30:3-13 "Or if a woman makes a vow to YAH, and binds [herself] by some agreement while in her father's house in her youth, and her father hears her vow and the agreement by which she has bound herself, and her father holds his peace, then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement with which she has bound herself shall stand. But if her father overrules her on the day that he hears, then none of her vows nor her agreements by which she has bound herself shall stand; and YAH will release her, because her father overruled her. If indeed she takes a husband, while bound by her vows or by a rash utterance from her lips by which she bound herself, and her husband hears [it], and makes no response to her on the day that he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her agreements by which she bound herself shall stand. But if her husband overrules her on the day that he hears [it], he shall make void her vow which she took and what she uttered with her lips, by which she bound herself, and YAH will release her. Also any vow of a widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her. If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound herself by an agreement with an oath, and her husband heard [it], and made no response to her [and] did not overrule her, then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she bound herself shall stand. But if her husband truly made them void on the day he heard [them], then whatever proceeded from her lips concerning her vows or concerning the agreement binding her, it shall not stand; her husband has made them void, and YAH will release her. Every vow and every binding oath to afflict her soul, her husband may confirm it, or her husband may make it void.

It must be understood clearly that it is YAH's will for the man to be the voice of the family. Just as in the garden of Eden, his mere silence can mean a lot! If the wife had done anything (even an oath to YAH) that wasn't according to the husband's will, then the husband was given the authority to overrule it. The authority of a father over a daughter is on even par with the authority of the husband over a wife. So it is the position of the wife, as directed by the will of YAH, to be subject to her husband and her husband has the right to reverse and overrule her words and decisions, even if it were an oath to YAH. I realize that this is quite foreign to our culture and the way little girls are raised today, but no matter how far our culture strays from the scriptures, it does not change the scriptures. YAH does not need to change because YAH is not wrong, it is man who is wrong. To resist or scoff at this notion (as some do today) is to resist and scoff at YAH's will.

The principle here is entirely consistent with the way YAH created man and woman. In scripture the husband is viewed as the "Bah'al" (Hebrew word #1166) or Owner/Master of the wife.

Proverbs 12:4 (KJV) A virtuous <2428> woman <802> [is] a crown <5850> to her husband <1167>: but she that maketh ashamed <954> <8688> [is] as rottenness <7538> in his bones <6106>.

This word that is translated "husband" is the Hebrew word #1167 "Bah'al" which according to Strong's Lexicon means "Master, hence a husband or (fig.) a owner." In fact this word is translated "owner" 14 times in the KJV. Here is one example:

Exodus 21:28 (KJV) If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner <1167> of the ox [shall be] quit.

Here the word (Bah'al) is used when describing how a man would "own" an ox. A man is the "Master/Owner" of his wife according to the word of YAH. We can dismiss this on "culture" all we want, but when YAH brought the children of Israel out of Egypt (the world), He was establishing a new culture. He was establishing a culture that pleased Him. This is the will and word of YAH. This is why it is so important that a woman have a righteous husband who will treat her with respect, dignity and honor! Young women, take note! Choose the husband that YAH chooses for you. When a man married a virgin, he had to pay a 'bride-price' to her father to cover his losses. As we examined earlier, Yahusha is often referred to as the "bridegroom" and the assembly is called the "bride". Yahusha bought us with His life:

1 Corinthians 6:19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from Alahiym, and you are not your own? 20 For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify Alahiym in your body and in your spirit, which are Alahiym's.

Therefore, we see that the husband is the owner of the wife just as the bride of Messiah is owned by the Messiah. These things establish the extent of a man's authority over a woman. The reason I have brought these things up is because our modern society does not recognize these things and we have a mindset that we need to rid ourselves of. We need to let our worldview and our understanding of a man's and woman's role to be the same as YAH's.

The "New Testament?"

Some claim that in the "New Testament", a woman is "liberated" and she can now take on the leadership role in the body of Messiah. Furthermore, some claim that woman is now equal in authority to a man in marriage. But are there any "new testament" scriptures which would contradict the role and position of women in the Tanakh or so called "Old Testament"? To the contrary, here is one of many that support this same role:

1 Peter 3:3-6 Do not let your adornment be [merely] outward--arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on [fine] apparel-- rather [let] [it] [be] the hidden person of the heart, with the incorruptible [beauty] of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of YAH. For in this manner, in former times, the holy women who trusted in YAH also adorned themselves, being submissive to their own husbands, as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him master, whose daughters you are if you do good and are not afraid with any terror.

Here we see a "new testament" scripture which clearly demonstrates that a woman should be looking to women of "Former times" as examples of how to live. "Holy women who trusted in YAH" by adorning themselves with submission to their own husbands, "as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him master, whose daughters you are if you do good and are not afraid with any terror"

Notice that women are instructed to not be afraid when they submit to their husbands. Fear is what drives many women to try their hand at overthrowing her husband's decisions by striving, contending, and arguing with them. Generally, the fear is that a husband's decision will result in an unpleasant circumstance. In fact, YAH doesn't promise that women will not endure any unpleasant circumstances when we submit to Him! Rather, look at what Yahusha went through and remember that He is our example of how to respond to unpleasant circumstances: By humbly, quietly trusting in YAH. Sarah trusted in YAH when she submitted to her husband's decision to tell everyone she was his sister. As a result, she ended up in the harem of a king but YAH intervened and delivered her unharmed. Abraham and Sarah walked away from that incident with abundant possessions. Read about it in Genesis 20.

In the verses we read above, Sarah called her husband "master", or "Adon" if you look it up in the Hebrew. In Genesis 18:12, she calls him "Adonai" which means "My Master". Notice also that it says "Sarah obeyed Abraham". The word "Obeyed" here in 1Peter 3:6 above is Strong's word #5219 which is also translated "Obey" in this verse:

Luke 8:25 (KJV) And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey (5219) him.

So we can see that the word "Submissive" is equated with "Obeying". The women are to be submissive just as Sarah obeyed Abraham and the wind and water obeyed Yahusha. This is the example that women are called to follow in the "new testament". The man is still in authority. Keeping this in mind, there are many other scriptures that are very clear about women needing to be in submission (and therefore obedient) to their husbands:

Colossians 3:18 (NKJV) Wives, submit to your own husbands, as is fitting in YAH.

Titus 2:3-5 (NKJV) the older women likewise, that they be reverent in behavior, not slanderers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things-- that they admonish the young women to love their husbands, to love their children, to be discreet, chaste, homemakers, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of YAH may not be blasphemed.

According to this verse, if a woman decided not to obey her husband in a matter then she would give occasion for the word of YAH to be blasphemed! The word translated "Blasphemed" means "to malign or bring reproach". We ought to be magnifying the word of YAH rather than bringing reproach and blasphemy upon it through our behavior.

Ephesians 5:22 (NKJV) Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to YAH.

Why as to YAH? Because YAH has established the man as the authority/master/Bah'al in the home. Any decisions made will be placed on HIS shoulders on the day of Judgment. If the man decides to let the woman make the decisions just to avoid an argument, he will STILL be the one responsible for those decisions. The tendency is for the man to say within his heart, "Well, she's taking over. What can I do?" and so he goes along with it. But wasn't this Adam's mistake in the garden of Eden? His failure to lead contributed to the fall of man. Did his excuse, "The woman that you gave me" work? No. Men, rise up and take your place that YAH gave you as the leader of your home and as leaders in the assembly. This does not mean "control everyone", this means "lead by example" and express your will in the family YAH has given you. Perhaps you feel inadequate. But you weren't given the authority because you were so smart or so perfect. You were given the authority because YOU are the one responsible. Take your responsibility seriously and take the lead. Be loving but firm in your decisions. YAH, the most powerful being in the universe is on your side. Lead by example, and by being a servant to all; even as Yahusha didn't come on this earth to be served but to serve!

Ladies, to help put things in perspective for a moment, please ponder the common sense logic that is given in YAH's will for your life. Even the world realizes that a company needs some kind of management to make important decisions about the direction of things. Suppose there were a company that just let all the employees make all of the decisions? What if the employees made all the decisions and management just stood there silent and useless? Totally preposterous, right? Yet, this is the common picture of a home in today's world where "Women's lib" (or as a comparison, "Employee lib") has taken hold. Imagine a company where the "employees" call the shots and make it so that management either obeys or is going to be miserable. Today, the manager of the home often just stays out of the way and mumbles a few words here and there. It ought not be so. Even common sense tells us that YAH is right!

Ephesians 5:23-24 For the husband is head of the wife, as also Messiah is head of the assembly; and He is the Savior of the body. 24 Therefore, just as the assembly is subject to Messiah, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything.

Of course, if the husband does not lead with love there will also be a home with much chaos and confusion. But he answers directly to YAH and YAH is in control.

1 Corinthians 11:3 - But I would have you know, that the head of every man is the Messiah; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of the Messiah is YAH.

Let it be so. At this point, we have laid a foundation for understanding YAH's purpose in creating woman. She is to be a help, support and companion to the man. Her role in the body of Messiah will be consistent with what she was created to be. A woman's role is extremely important and vital to the health of the body. Don't let anyone tell you any different. The body of Messiah needs men and women, each doing their part so that the love of Yahusha may be made manifest to all the world, just as YAH intended. When each are doing their part in the body, it is also the best environment for spiritual growth in the assembly. We cannot separate the role of the man & woman in marriage from the role of each in the body of Messiah. YAH created woman with certain gifts that would best enable her to be a 'help' to man. YAH created man with certain gifts that would best enable him to lead and manage. These do not change when it comes to the assembly. These gifts compliment each other in the assembly and any efforts to reverse their roles will ultimately result in the same disaster seen in the garden of Eden.

Do not your heart be troubled, neither be afraid

Probably the biggest reason women are not willing to accept this is because of fear. There is a fear of consequences if the man makes a mistake or error in judgment. But we must realize that it is a natural consequence that when one in the leadership position makes a mistake, all who are under their authority will suffer. For instance, when Adam and Eve made their mistake, we (their children) continue to suffer for it. All that was in their dominion suffer to this day. The animals, birds and fish are out there killing each other and suffering every day because of it. The whole earth groans because of it. Today, when parents make mistakes, the children always suffer for it. It is just the way it is, and we cannot change that. The same is true when a husband makes a mistake. His wife and his children will suffer for it. The solution is not for the wife to take over or lead the man. The solution is for the wife to pray for her husband, that YAH would lead him to make the right decisions. Two wrongs do not make a right. YAH is in control and the woman needs to step aside and allow the Spirit to lead her husband. This requires faith that YAH will take care of whatever situations she will find herself in. She should not "play Holy Spirit" and she should not murmur against the man. YAH is working on him so when she complains she is actually complaining about how YAH is molding him. Of course, if the husband is a loving husband he will not purposely or knowingly hurt his wife but will consider her in all the decisions that are made.

This is not to say a wife can never humbly make an appeal, for even YAH allows us to appeal to Him to change His mind about something. Moshe appealed to YAH many times and YAH heard his prayer of intercession. But it was always done in humility and YAH's final decision was always accepted without argument. An appeal is never an argument. There is a huge difference.

Silence in the assembly

If a woman is walking in submission to her husband at home, and he is leading according to YAH's leading, it will carry over into the assembly as well. If there is a lack of order in the home, then that can also affect the assembly. This is especially true when everyone is gathered together. One example of this is found in the following verse:

1 Corinthians 14:34-37 (NKJV) Let your women keep silent in the assemblies, for they are not permitted to speak; but [they] [are] to be submissive, as the law also says. And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church. Or did the word of YAH come [originally] from you? Or [was] [it] you only that it reached? If anyone thinks himself to be a prophet or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things which I write to you are the commandments of YAH.

This is one of the more controversial passages in scripture. The reason it is so controversial is because it is so contrary to our culture of "liberated" women and weak men. It isn't controversial at all if we understand why YAH created woman to begin with. It isn't controversial at all if we just look at what is said in this verse and accept it. Numerous explanations have been offered to try and fit this verse into our culture. Some have suggested that because men and women were on opposite sides of the room in those days, a woman would need to ask her husband from a distance and end up disrupting the meeting. But archaeological discoveries confirm that this was not the custom of that time. In the article entitled Sepphoris Synagogue Mosaic of the Sept/Oct 2000 Biblical Archaeology Review it states, "By now it is widely accepted among scholars that synagogues from the early centuries of the Common Era did not have a separate women’s section." Others claim there was a "shrieking problem' in the assembly so Paul decided that women should just just to keep quiet. Still others have said that Paul just didn't like women so he wanted to keep them quiet. Of course, none of these things are mentioned in the verse itself. The truth is, we don't have to look far to find the reason why Paul said what he said. He gave us the reason! Let's look again:

1 Corinthians 14:34 Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says.

The reason that women are to keep silent in the assembly is because they are "to be submissive". So a woman speaking in the assembly is simply not being submissive to the man. For a woman to speak in the assembly is an act of independence, not submissiveness. The mindset of this generation does not understand how this could possibly be. But remember that from the beginning of creation YAH appointed the man to be in a leadership position. The man has the role of guiding the spiritual direction of the family and the assembly. When a woman asks a question, she is taking it upon herself to guide the assembly with her question. The direction of the assembly from that point will center around her question rather than the assembly being directed by those whom YAH Himself appointed to lead, the men. A woman can actually control the entire group with her questions and take up the entire time of fellowship by asking one question after another. I have personally witnessed this numerous times. All things are to be done decently and in order. If a woman speaks in the assembly, she is either directing the conversation or she is teaching men with her words.

Adam and Eve were perfect and blameless at one time. They were completely without sin. But even then, Eve was tempted and deceived by the serpent. It was Eve's deception and Adam's choice to "hearken/listen unto the voice of his wife" that brought Adam, Eve and all of us to ruin. Should we not learn from this mistake? Men need to stand up and be men. Men need to fulfill their calling and lead the assembly, their families and indeed all the world into understanding and following the will of YAH.

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.

Remember also that a husband has the authority to annul even a vow spoken by his wife. Suppose she would have a question that he would prefer not being asked, or make a statement in the meeting that disagreed with his leadership? That would make for an awkward and disorderly situation. Now it is true that men are also subject to error (of course!) but for one reason or another YAH chose men to lead, and we should accept that decision. Ultimately, it is YAH that should be leading each one of us. Thus, we men ought to be especially sure that we are in tune with YAH's will in all things

1 Timothy 2:8 I desire therefore that the men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting; [9] in like manner also, that the women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety and moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing, [10] but, which is proper for women professing Alahiymliness [Grk. worship of Alahiym], with good works.

These principles need to be heeded today. We need the humility and meekness to pray in faith and without anger or bitterness toward others. If a woman has a humble heart, it will often manifest itself in the way she dresses. If she dresses in any way that says, "Look at me!", whether it be through fancy hair and flashy clothes or clothes which draw any attention to the areas of her body that only her (then or future) husband should know about, humility is probably lacking in her heart. Rather, a humble woman will have a meek and quiet spirit which isn't looking for attention, but would rather be in the background... quietly fulfilling the role that YAH has told her to fulfill. Therefore, the next verse says:

1 Timothy 2:11 Let a woman learn in silence with all submission. [12] And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence. [13] For Adam was formed first, then Eve. [14] And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression. [15] Nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control.

These verses confirm everything we have examined up to this point. We didn't need the above verses for us to come to this understanding already. It was evident from the very beginning of creation. Therefore, this scripture points us back to creation, to temptation and the fall of man in the garden of Eden to prove the point. A woman can serve and bless the body of Messiah in many wonderful ways, but teaching and leading men is not to be one of them. This was not and is not her role. In the same way a man was not created to bear and nurse children, a woman was not created to lead or teach men. It says a woman is saved in childbearing for a reason. It is one of the things YAH desires out of woman. YAH wants a seed of Alahiym and He has blessed woman with the task of bearing that seed and nurturing the little ones into knowing they are loved and YAH is love.

Blessed handmaidens of YAH

When YAH was looking for one to bear His only begotten Son, He chose a very humble woman in Miriam. Let's look at her response to this blessing:

Luke 1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of YAH; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.

And later she said:

Luke 1:46-48 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify YAH, [47] And my spirit hath rejoiced in Alahiym my Saviour. [48] For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.

Miriam/Mary considered herself YAH's handmaiden. The Greek word used here means "a female slave". She regarded herself as YAH's slave. She knew that YAH looked upon her "low estate" and decided to bless her. And YAH knew that He didn't have to be concerned with her pride getting in the way of His glory. She was in her place, loving her role as YAH's handmaiden. O women of YAH, what blessings does YAH have in store for you? Seek to be His handmaidens. Female slaves have no choice, they have to do their master's bidding because they are slaves. Follow her example and I promise you... you will be blessed! It is upon the handmaidens that YAH will pour out His Spirit:

Acts 2:17-18 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith Alahiym, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: 18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:

So many proud women today claim to have his Spirit and because of this they choose to lead men in the assembly. But it is upon the humble handmaidens who know their place that YAH will give it. You never saw Yahusha's mother taking the role of a teacher and claiming "Look, I was chosen to be Yahusha's mother...you should hear what I have to say". No, she knew very well her place and that is one reason why YAH chose to bless her.

Deborah the prophetess

This generation seeks to justify "women's lib" movement in the assembly by quoting one of the few instances in scripture where YAH chose to make a prophetess out of His handmaidens. The most common one referenced is Deborah. Of all the judges in the book of Judges, none were prophets. But she was a prophetess. For this reason, people who had issues could come to her and she could declare "Thus saith YAH" to them. Let's look at one example of that:

Judges 4:4-7 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time. [5] And she would sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the mountains of Ephraim. And the children of Israel came up to her for judgment. [6] Then she sent and called for Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali, and said to him, "Has not YAH Alahiym of Israel commanded, 'Go and deploy troops at Mount Tabor; take with you ten thousand men of the sons of Naphtali and of the sons of Zebulun; [7] 'and against you I will deploy Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude at the River Kishon; and I will deliver him into your hand'?"

Now some have had this idea that in the "Old testament" YAH only worked through men, but the "new testament" ushers in a new era where YAH will now pour out His Spirit upon both men and women (and not just men). This is a clearly a false notion. As we can see, YAH used women as prophetesses before this time. But the role of a prophet is not to teach and have authority. The role of a prophet is to speak "Thus saith YAH" as the Spirit gives utterance. Deborah informed Barak what YAH had spoken, and Barak listened and assembled the army of ten thousand at his command. However, the lack of faithful men at that time is revealed here when Barak lacks the confidence to go without Deborah:

Judges 4:8 And Barak said to her, "If you will go with me, then I will go; but if you will not go with me, I will not go!"

His unmanly fears and threat to not go without her seems to indicate a lack of confidence in YAH's words. And so Deborah informed him of the consequence:

[9] So she said, "I will surely go with you; nevertheless there will be no glory for you in the journey you are taking, for YAH will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman." Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh.

So Deborah submitted to Barak's decision and went with him. However, she let him know that YAH was going to give the honor of victory to a woman. In light of Barak's demand that a woman go with him, it seems appropriate that YAH would take away any honor of victory from him and give it to a woman. However, that woman was not Deborah; it was a woman by the name of Jael. If you continue to read the story, you'll see that Jael ended up killing Sisera with a tent peg while he slept. Nevertheless, Deborah was joyful that Barak was at least willing to go and fulfill YAH's word. For when the victory was complete, Deborah sang:

Judges 5:2-9 When leaders lead in Israel, When the people willingly offer themselves, Bless YAH! [3] "Hear, O kings! Give ear, O princes! I, even I, will sing to YAH; I will sing praise to YAH Alahiym of Israel. [4] "YAH, when You went out from Seir, When You marched from the field of Edom, The earth trembled and the heavens poured, The clouds also poured water; [5] The mountains gushed before YAH, This Sinai, before YAH Alahiym of Israel. [6] "In the days of Shamgar, son of Anath, In the days of Jael, The highways were deserted, And the travelers walked along the byways. [7] Village life ceased, it ceased in Israel, Until I, Deborah, arose, Arose a mother in Israel [8] They chose new Alahiyms; Then there was war in the gates; Not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel. [9] My heart is with the rulers of Israel Who offered themselves willingly with the people. Bless YAH!

Out of her own mouth Deborah rejoiced "when leaders lead" and that her "heart is with the rulers of Israel". This proves that she was not the leader and ruler, for she declared that her heart was with those that were--and she rejoiced when they led! So YAH's Spirit was upon this humble handmaiden of YAH who knew her place. In this case, it was in the role of a prophetess who spoke "thus saith YAH" so that the men would know what YAH had planned. In this, it was not a woman teaching but it was YAH speaking. In this role, she is not repeating the mistake in the garden of Eden by questioning or casting doubt on YAH's words. Rather, YAH's direct words are being spoken! Speaking "thus saith YAH" is not the same as interpreting and expounding upon the scriptures, or leading an assembly in a certain direction. Deborah was a humble handmaiden of YAH who recognized that the men were the ones appointed by YAH to be in the leadership role. She never rose up to be a leader or ruler over Israel but only spoke the word of YAH like a prophetess. It was YAH that brought Barak to overthrow Jabin and it was Deborah who rejoiced when the leaders were willing to lead!

YAH Himself declared how unfit it is for women to be in the leadership role:

Isaiah 3:12 As for My people, children are their oppressors, And women rule over them. O My people! Those who lead you cause you to err, And destroy the way of your paths."

In this scripture, children and women are being described as oppressors and rulers. YAH never intended women to be rulers any more than He intended children to be oppressors. Even so, many still seek out scriptures to support the opposite.

Aquila and Priscilla

A scripture commonly used to support the view that men and women can be co-teachers in the Assembly is when Aquila and Priscilla took Barnabas aside to teach him a more correct way of understanding:

Acts 18:24-26 Now a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. [25] This man had been instructed in the way of YAH; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of YAH, though he knew only the baptism of John. [26] So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of Alahiym more accurately.

Aquila and Priscilla were a husband and wife team that proclaimed ministered in various ways. They were Paul's traveling companions (Acts 18:18) and at some point had an assembly in their house (1 Corinthians 16:19). In this instance they saw that Barnabas was in need of a more accurate explanation of the way of Alahiym. Is there anything in this verse which would prove that Priscilla did not walk in her role as a help-meet and support to her husband? Prominent Greek Scholar A.T. Robertson makes the following comment about the word translated "took him aside" (KJV "took him unto them") in this scripture:

Act 18:26 - They took him unto them (proselabonto). Second aorist middle (indirect) indicative of proslambanô, old verb, to their home and heart as companion (cf. the rabbis and the ruffians in 17:5). Probably for dinner after service.

Note that it seems likely that Barnabas was invited to their home. Since correcting Barnabas would take some time to do, it seems reasonable to suggest that they met for dinner. The New International Version translates verse 24 the following way:

Acts 18:26 (NIV) He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they invited him to their home and explained to him the way of Alahiym more adequately.

In such a situation, it would only make sense that Priscilla prepared the meals and did other support duties while Aquila took on the role of teaching. They functioned together as a ministry to the saints and there is nothing here which proves that Priscilla was teaching or having authority over Apollos. YAH gave special roles to the husband and wife and when both of them are walking in those roles as a ministry team it is a beautiful picture of exactly how things are supposed to be.

Women apostles?

Another scripture commonly used by those who seek to justify the 'women's lib' movement in the assembly is Romans 16:7...

Romans 16:7 (NKJV) Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in the Messiah before me.

Some have said that this verse proves Andronicus and Junia are "among the apostles" with "Junia" being a female. However, it does not say that they were apostles. Rather, it says they were 'of note' among the apostles. In other words, they were notable and highly esteemed in the eyes of the apostles. The Greek grammar will also support this understanding according to various Greek scholars such A.T. Robertson (See Robertson's Word Pictures). But even if they were apostles, it is unclear whether "Junia" (Grk. Junias) is a masculine or feminine name.

We are all one in the Messiah Yahusha
Another scripture commonly quoted is:

Galatians 3:27 For as many of you as were baptized into the Messiah have put on the Messiah. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in the Messiah Yahusha.

What is concluded from the above verse is a woman is 'equal' to men and can assume the role of the man in the assembly. But is this what it is really saying? Since there is neither male nor female in Messiah, would it be okay for a man to behave as a female and put on pretty dresses? Or does YAH make it so that men can now bear children? Obviously, the fact that we are all "one in Messiah Yahusha" does not negate the roles YAH has given each of us since creation. Men should still be men and women should still be women. It is the warped and perverted minds of this generation that want to even go so far as to let men marry men and women marry women. I assure you that the acceptance of homosexuality and lesbianism is in many ways a product of the "women's lib" mindset. So what was really meant when it says we are all "one in Messiah Yahusha?"

Let's examine another scripture where 'oneness' is spoken of:

John 17:20-21 I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; strong>[21] "that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

Yahusha prayed that we would all be one. Notice that He also prayed that we would be "one" as the Father is "one" with the Son. In fact, He prayed that we would be "one" with the Father and the Son when He said "that they may be one in us." Does our oneness with Yahusha and YAH mean that we are YAH and Yahusha's equal when it comes to authority? Does it mean that we can be their leader? Are we living the role we were created to live if we chose to exercise authority over Yahusha or YAH? Of course not. As the body of Messiah, our oneness with one another does not take away the purpose for which we were created. We are to be one in purpose, and will and thought... with YAH. When we are "one" in YAH and in Yahusha, we are "one" with each other as well! We are all "one body". Each member of the body performs different tasks. The hand does not perform the same task as the foot. The fingers do not perform the same task as the legs. Woman was not created to lead men any more than we were created to lead Yahusha. The fact is, if a woman chooses to take over the role of a man, she is actually tearing down the oneness in the body. She is making the mistake of Eve in the garden and tearing down the order required for oneness to occur:

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I want you to know that the head of every man is Messiah, the head of woman is man, and the head of Messiah is Alahiym.

This is not to say that women are inferior to men. Let me repeat this, I am not saying that women are inferior to men! I am simply pointing out that it is unscriptural to say men and women have the exact same roles in the body of the Messiah. Scripture simply does not teach this. I do believe that we are all spiritually equal to one another in the eyes of YAH, but men and women have different duties in the body of Yahusha. And they are all important if we only open our eyes and see the needs! The needs are great, but the laborers are few:

Luke 10:2 Then He said to them, "The harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few; therefore pray the Master of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest.

The need is great for laborers. And I don't mean just male laborers. Just as men are needed, the body of Messiah needs women who are willing to accept their role in the assembly and learn to walk therein. Yahusha is looking for handmaidens who are meek, quiet, chaste, homemakers who are submissive to their husbands. He is seeking those who are willing to take the less visible role in the body that will be greatly rewarded at the resurrection of the just.

What about Singing & Prophesying?

1 Corinthians 14:34-37 (NKJV) Let your women keep silent in the assemblies, for they are not permitted to speak; but [they] [are] to be submissive, as the law also says. And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church. Or did the word of YAH come [originally] from you? Or [was] [it] you only that it reached? If anyone thinks himself to be a prophet or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things which I write to you are the commandments of YAH.

It is often asked, "Can a woman sing in the assembly if she is indeed to keep silent?" This is where we need to look at the purpose for Paul's statement that a woman should keep silent in the assembly. He said that it is because she is "to be submissive." So we need to ask ourselves if a woman participating in singing has anything to do with leading and guiding the meeting. Obviously, if she is singing along with everyone else there is no reason to believe this would violate the principles of authority given in scripture. The same is true if a woman is asked to read a scripture verse out loud or if she happens to be a prophetess who speaks in the manner of the prophets: "Thus saith YAH". In those cases it is not the woman speaking, but YAH Himself. This is different than a woman asking a question, presenting a scripture study, or interjecting her views on various subjects. But even if she is a prophetess, interruptions are not acceptable (1 Corinthians 14:31-32).

Examples of women in ministry

Women may ask, "What can I really do for others?" This is a good question! So let's examine some scriptures which may shed light into a woman's role in the assembly. Let's first examine the role of a woman in the assembly who is a "deaconess":

Matthew 27:55 (NKJV) And many women who followed Yahusha from Galilee, ministering to Him, were there looking on from afar,

You might be surprised that I said "deaconess". But the word translated "ministering" in this verse is indeed the same Greek word translated "Deacon" in other verses. We can be sure that these women were not operating in the role of leadership over Yahusha the Messiah or the twelve disciples. Therefore, just because a woman might be a "deaconess" in the body of Messiah, it does not mean she leads or teaches the men. Paul also mentions women who are doing the same:

Romans 16:1-2 I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, [2] that you may receive her in the Master in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also.

Sister Phoebe was a great 'help' to Paul and many others. We can be sure that she wasn't Paul's leader or teacher. Phoebe would have been ministering in various ways which would support and help the brethren in their work for YAH. What kinds of things would a deaconess be doing? Let's examine another verse which uses the same word "diakoneo/deacon":

Luke 8:1 (NKJV) Now it came to pass, afterward, that He went through every city and village, preaching and bringing the glad tidings of the kingdom of YAH. And the twelve [were] with Him, and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities--Mary called Magdalene, out of whom had come seven demons, and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others who provided for Him from their substance.

The same Greek (#1247 diakoneo/deacon) word is used here, which is translated "ministered" (KJV) or "provided". The word translated "substance" is #5224 which means possessions, goods, and wealth. It is also used in other verses such as:

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Master; Behold, Master, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.

It is translated "goods" in this verse. Another example:

Luke 14:33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

These women were indeed forsaking what they had and using their goods to serve Yahusha. It doesn't give specifics but I'm sure they were providing clothing, food and whatever other needs there might be to support Yahusha in a manner that would be a 'help' to him. They were not teaching or leading men, for women were not created to lead men.

Another example of this is Simon Kepha's mother:

Luke 4:38-39 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her. 39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.

"She rose and served/ministered to them". I think we can be certain that she wasn't expounding on the scriptures and leading Yahusha and the apostles. She was serving in other ways such as cooking/preparing meals for the guests of her home. We can find other such examples in scripture:

Acts 9:36-39 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did. [37] And it came to pass in those days, that she was sick, and died: whom when they had washed, they laid her in an upper chamber. [38] And forasmuch as Lydda was nigh to Joppa, and the disciples had heard that Peter was there, they sent unto him two men, desiring him that he would not delay to come to them. [39] Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping, and shewing the coats and garments which Dorcas made, while she was with them.

Dorcas was known and loved as a woman full of good works. We see that one of the evidences of this was the coats and garments made by her. She gave of her time and of her substance, and much like the women who followed Yahusha, she was a blessing to the assembly. Even so it ought to be among us. Women have an important and needed role in the assembly. Maybe the need for clothing-makers isn't as great today. But I can tell you from experience that there is a great need for women to make tassels (Tsit tsiyot). There are many needs in the assembly if women would simply look for them and pray about what YAH would have them to do. Those that are still single might even find themselves a man of YAH to marry if they would make themselves useful in the body of Messiah.

Good works in the Messiah

Women can minister in many other ways as well. Let's take a look at another example:

1 Timothy 5:9-10 Do not let a widow under sixty years old be taken into the number, and not unless she has been the wife of one man, [10] well reported for good works: if she has brought up children, if she has lodged strangers, if she has washed the saints' feet, if she has relieved the afflicted, if she has diligently followed every good work.

A woman taking her role in serving the body of Messiah is so important, that she is not considered to be 'taken into the number' of those that are widows unless she is 'well reported for good works'. What are some of the works? Let's examine each of the ones mentioned here.

The first one mentioned is very important: bringing up children. You might not think of this is an act of service or ministry to the assembly, but again we cannot separate the ministry of family and the assembly. Your children are part of the assembly also, and the way they are raised will have a powerful affect on the assembly. They are the first and most important ministry and should not take second place to others. Again, I say to you: Motherhood is a ministry to the body of Messiah! Women have a very important role as mothers and without it, the home will most likely fail. When the home fails, the whole assembly fails. When the assembly is full of failed and broken homes, you have a failed and broken assembly. Anytime an assembly tries to convey itself as having unity, while the homes in that assembly are full of women who do not submit to their husbands.. it's a lie! For if the homes aren't in unity, then neither is the assembly. But when an assembly is full of homes which are in order, dedicated to serving and loving one another...then you have an assembly of great power and glory. Then you have an assembly that is an accurate and beautiful example of the Messiah and the assembly to all the world. The behavior of men and women at home affects the assembly because the assembly is simply the people therein!


Proverbs 14:1 Every wise woman buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.

A woman can tear down or build up her home, and thus an assembly. She tears down by dishonoring her husband, fighting her husband, and trying to lead her husband. She builds up by being an example to her children of how to submit to authority, how to honor authority and how to live in humility when she honors, submits and remains humble before her husband. The children can learn how to be a rebel like satan, or how to be a child of YAH through her example. Daily, she has the choice of whether she will give into the same temptation as Eve or walk in the role that YAH created her to walk in.

The second thing we see is "if she has washed the saints feet". Since we mostly ride in automobiles and mostly wear full shoes and even socks today, we don't really have this issue. However, washing the feet of someone is a very humbling thing to do. Think back to the time they were living. Both people and animals traveled the roads in Israel. Because their feet would have been covered with dirt and animal dung, they would want to make sure their feet were washed before they entered a home. This goes to show that that a woman must let go of her dignity and pride in order to fulfill her role in the body of Messiah. Even Yahusha Himself washed the feet of His disciples as an example of the kind of attitude we should have.

The third thing we see is "if she has lodged strangers". Providing for others in this way can be a very self-denying and stressful activity. Keeping the visitors fed, the home clean, making sure they are comfortable and have all their needs met can all add up to a significant act of service. Here are a few examples:

Hebrews 13:1-2 Let brotherly love continue. [2] Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some have unwittingly entertained angels.

The word translated "entertain" means "to receive as a guest". Lydia of Thyatira did this for Paul and those with him:

Acts 16:14-15 Now a certain woman named Lydia heard us. She was a seller of purple from the city of Thyatira, who worshiped Alahiym. YAH opened her heart to heed the things spoken by Paul. [15] And when she and her household were baptized, she begged us, saying, "If you have judged me to be faithful to YAH, come to my house and stay." So she persuaded us.

1 Peter 4:9 Be hospitable to one another without grumbling.

Being able to take care of guests is an important need in the body of Messiah. A woman should be very attentive to their needs. In fact, everyone in the home should be as well. Consider the example of the household of Stephanas:

1 Corinthians 16:15 I urge you, brethren -- you know the household of Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that they have devoted themselves to the ministry of the saints -- [16] that you also submit to such, and to everyone who works and labors with us.

Stephanas' entire household was devoted to ministering to the saints. Even so ought it to be among us! Too often, everyone is too self absorbed to pay much attention to the needs of the body of Messiah. But when the whole family serves the body--- the mother, the father, and even the children---then not only will YAH reward everyone greatly, but you also will leave a legacy and example that can live on for many generations. There is a reason why the children of most missionary families remain in the faith.

The third and fourth item on the list is "if she has relieved the afflicted" and "if she has diligently followed every good work". When I read this, I am reminded of Yahusha's words regarding the afflicted:

Matthew 25:31-46 When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. [32] "All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. [33] "And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left. [34] "Then the King will say to those on His right hand, 'Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: [35] 'for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; [36] 'I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.' [37] "Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, 'Master, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink? [38] 'When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You? [39] 'Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?' [40] "And the King will answer and say to them, 'Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.' [41] "Then He will also say to those on the left hand, 'Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels: [42] 'for I was hungry and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink; [43] 'I was a stranger and you did not take Me in, naked and you did not clothe Me, sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.' [44] "Then they also will answer Him, saying, 'Master, when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to You?' [45] "Then He will answer them, saying, 'Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.' [46] "And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."

When the needs of the body of Messiah are fulfilled by us, much like the holy women who 'ministered to Him of their substance", we are ministering to Yahusha Himself. There are so many needs in the body of Messiah besides "teaching" and "leading"! When these needs are neglected and ignored, we are failing to minister to Yahusha Himself. This is a somber warning that everyone in the body of Messiah must diligently heed!

Everyone must serve

Remember, not even Yahusha Himself was immune to this principle of serving others:

Matthew 20:27-28 And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave -- [28] "just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many."

Yahusha wasn't focused on being served, but was focused on serving others. I think it is safe to say he wasn't spending all of his time sewing clothing or cooking food, though there would have been nothing wrong with Him doing that and He did provide fish for them more than once. But Yahusha served by teaching and leading His disciples to the way of eternal life. He served by laying down His life in many ways for each one of them. He served in the ways that YAH desired him to serve. The same is true of women in the body. While they are not called to teach or lead men, there are innumerable ways that they can serve others! Again, just pray about what YAH would have you to do and seek it out. Perhaps ask another person you see serving the body if there is anything you can do to help. There always is, for the work is endless!

Helping and supporting the men, relieving the afflicted, the hungry, and the weak. These kinds of works are YAH's desire for women (and also men) to fulfill in the Assembly. We are an army. An army of YAH. Every army not only needs the troops, but also those doing the background work such as providing the meals, helping with the supplies and so on. Any army which did not have the support from other sources would fail miserably in battle. Sisters, the troops are always in need of your support. The tasks may not be so well seen of men, but they are just as important. The hidden works that are done behind the scenes will be seen by YAH and the day will come when YAH will reward you openly for your humble service to Him. So while the purpose of women has never been to teach or lead men, you can in many ways minister to the men who are proclaiming and teaching the good news of the kingdom. You can guide and teach their children the way of righteousness. The older women can teach the younger women as well, as we see in this scripture:

Titus 2:1 But as for you, speak the things which are proper for sound doctrine: that the older men be sober, reverent, temperate, sound in faith, in love, in patience; the older women likewise, that they be reverent in behavior, not slanderers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things-- that they admonish the young women to love their husbands, to love their children, to be discreet, chaste, homemakers, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of YAH may not be blasphemed.

There is a great need for older women to teach the younger ones these very principles. Surely we don't want the word of YAH to be blasphemed!? This scripture clearly indicates that when a woman fails to love her husband and children, fails to be discreet (self-controlled), a homemaker (as opposed to working outside the home), good and obedient to their own husbands.. the word of YAH is blasphemed. It gives occasion for the enemies of YAH to bring reproach upon the word of YAH. It is so important that YAH wants the older women to teach the younger these principles. YAH knows our tendencies, doesn't He? May YAH's word be magnified among us, and never, ever blasphemed.

So who will be the hidden servants in the background who minister to others? Might there be more women than men in YAH's kingdom for this reason? I would not be surprised in the least.

Luke 13:30 "And indeed there are last who will be first, and there are first who will be last."

Let's seek to be the greatest in the kingdom by being the servant of all:

Matthew 23:11 But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant.

Think for a moment, who is the greatest of all? Is it not the Heavenly Father? And indeed He is indeed the greatest Servant. For He is constantly serving us! He has given us everything we have. Our life, all of creation around us and indeed He withheld not His only begotten Son from us so that we might be saved. When we pray, we ask Him to do things for us...and He so often does! Who is the greatest servant? Is it not Father YAH? And Yahusha said:

John 5:19 Then Yahusha answered and said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do;

Yahusha is our example. He lives in us and desires to do what His Father has done in Him: Serving! What are you doing for the kingdom? What are you doing for the body of Messiah? Men, rise up and serve! Women, rise up and serve! Let each of us serve one another, considering one another better than ourselves. Let's leave the self-centered mindset of this world and seek the Yahusha-centered life. A life of humble service to all. This is what Yahusha requires of us. If He is indeed living in us, He will do those works in us that He did while on the earth. Men, do not be fearful cowards! Cowards will not enter in the kingdom!

Revelation 21:8 "But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."

Women, rally behind the men and encourage them in their work! Men, show appreciation for the much-needed service of women! Love them, encourage them, bless them! When each member of Messiah is working in their proper work, the true "body" of Yahusha is revealed and there is much power! The fullness of what YAH intended for Man and Women at creation will be at work. Both inside and outside the home, let's be that light, shall we?

Matthew 5:14-16 You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden. [15] "Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. [16] "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

May the light always shine in our homes so that all who are in our house are given light. May our homes grow into a city of lighted homes on a hill, Yarushalayim (Heb. "city of peace"), which cannot be hidden, but are used by YAH to draw all men to Himself. For we are the body of Messiah. Each of us are members of one another. We all need each other to function together in oneness and harmony with YAH. Let's cease from hindering the oneness by allowing the culture and spirit of this world to influence us. Let's always seek to let the Spirit of YAH dwell in us, that we might one day hear these words:

Matthew 25:21 His Master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your Master.'

For the joy that is set before us, and for the love of YAH, may we always be the faithful servants that YAH has appointed us to be, serving Him and serving one another, each of us fulfilling our purpose in Him. Seek out His purpose for Your life. He wants to show you great and wonderful things. As you do so, may YAH bless you and have mercy on us all!

Source: Excerpts from this article is courtesy of Eliyah.com. Kingdom-info is not associated with nor does Kingdom-info support all of the teachings and/or beliefs of “Eliyah.com”. This article is used solely to demonstrate a teaching on “The Role of Women In The Body”. Names have been changed to reflect the beliefs of Kingdom-Info.

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What You Should Know About Incense

On January 16, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings are not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.

Called frankincense

Song of Solomon 4:6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.

Song of Solomon 4:14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

Common, not to be offered to Alahiym

Exodus 30:9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.

For Alahiym's service mixed with sweet spices

Exodus 25:6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,

Exodus 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.

Receipt for mixing

Exodus 30:34-36 And YAHUH said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight: And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy: And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.

None but priest to offer

Numbers 16:40 To be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger, which is not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before YAHUH; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as YAHUH said to him by the hand of Moses.

Deuteronomy 33:10 They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.

Offered In Censers

Leviticus 10:1 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before YAHUH, which he commanded them not.

Numbers 16:17 And take every man his censer, and put incense in them, and bring ye before YAHUH every man his censer, two hundred and fifty censers; thou also, and Aaron, each of you his censer.

Numbers 16:46 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from YAHUH; the plague is begun.

On the altar of gold

Exodus 30:1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.

Exodus 40:5 And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.

Morning and Evening

Exodus 30:7-8 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before YAHUH throughout your generations.


Exodus 30:8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before YAHUH throughout your generations.

By the high priest in the most holy place on the day of atonement

Leviticus 16:12-13 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before YAHUH, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail: And he shall put the incense upon the fire before YAHUH, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:

With fire from off the altar of burnt-offering

Leviticus 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before YAHUH, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail:

Numbers 16:46 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from YAHUH; the plague is begun.

Offering of, allotted to the priests

Luke 1:9 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of YAHUH.

The Jews prayed at time of offering

Luke 1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

Designed for atonement

Numbers 16:46-47 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from YAHUH; the plague is begun. And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people.

Put on meat offerings

Leviticus 2:1-2 And when any will offer a meat offering unto YAHUH, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon: And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto YAHUH:

Leviticus 2:15 And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon: it is a meat offering.

Leviticus 6:15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the meat offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meat offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour, even the memorial of it, unto YAHUH.

Levites had charge of

1 Chronicles 9:29 Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.

Used in idolatrous worship

Jeremiah 48:35 Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith YAHUH, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his Alahiyms.


Not accepted in offering, on account of sin

Isaiah 1:13 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.

Offered, to idols on altars of brick

Isaiah 65:3 A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;

Punished for offering, to idols

2 Chronicles 34:25 Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other Alahiyms, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore my wrath shall be poured out upon this place, and shall not be quenched.

Nadab and Abihu destroyed for offering, with strange fire

Leviticus 10:1-2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before YAHUH, which he commanded them not. And there went out fire from YAHUH, and devoured them, and they died before YAHUH.

Korah and his company punished for offering

Numbers 16:16-35 And Moses said unto Korah, Be thou and all thy company before YAHUH, thou, and they, and Aaron, to morrow: And take every man his censer, and put incense in them, and bring ye before YAHUH every man his censer, two hundred and fifty censers; thou also, and Aaron, each of you his censer. And they took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon, and stood in the door of the tabernacle of the congregation with Moses and Aaron. And Korah gathered all the congregation against them unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and the glory of YAHUH appeared unto all the congregation. And YAHUH spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,

Uzziah punished for offering

2 Chronicles 26:16-21 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against YAHUH his Alahiym, and went into the temple of YAHUH to burn incense upon the altar of incense. And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of YAHUH, that were valiant men: And they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto YAHUH, but to the priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense: go out of the sanctuary; for thou hast trespassed; neither shall it be for thine honour from YAHUH Alahiym. Then Uzziah was wroth, and had a censer in his hand to burn incense: and while he was wroth with the priests, the leprosy even rose up in his forehead before the priests in the house of YAHUH, from beside the incense altar. And Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked upon him, and, behold, he was leprous in his forehead, and they thrust him out from thence; yea, himself hasted also to go out, because YAHUH had smitten him.


Revelation 8:3-4 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before Alahiym out of the angel's hand.

Psalm 141:2 Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith YAHUH of hosts.

Revelation 5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.

Source: All topical entries are taken from The New Topical Textbook, published 1897.

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The Messiah Is The Wisdom Of YAH

On January 15, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

1 Corinthians 1:24
but to those whom Alahiym has called, both Jews and Greeks, The Messiah the power of Alahiym and the wisdom of Alahiym.

Proverbs 8
1 Doth not wisdom (The Messiah) cry? and understanding put forth her voice?

2 She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths.

3 She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors.

4 Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man.

5 O ye simple, understand wisdom (The Messiah): and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.

6 Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things.

7 For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness is an abomination to my lips.

8 All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward or perverse in them.

9 They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

10 Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold.

11 For wisdom (The Messiah) is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.

12 I wisdom (The Messiah) dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.

13 The fear of Yahuh is to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.

14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom (The Messiah): I am understanding; I have strength.

15 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice.

16 By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth.

17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.

18 Riches and honour are with me; yea, durable riches and righteousness.

19 My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver.

20 I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:

21 That I may cause those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures.

22 Yahuh possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.

23 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water.

25 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth:

26 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

27 When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth:

28 When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep:

29 When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth:

30 Then I was by him, as one brought up with him: and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him;

31 Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

32 Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed are they that keep my ways.

33 Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not.

34 Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

35 For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of Yahuh.

36 But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death.

Other verses containing WISDOM ....

Proverbs 3:13 Happy [is] the man [that] finds wisdom, and the man [that] gets understanding.

Proverbs 3:19 YAHUH by wisdom has founded the earth; by understanding has he established the heavens.

Proverbs 3:21 My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion:

Proverbs 4:5 Get wisdom, get understanding: forget [it] not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.

Proverbs 4:7 Wisdom [is] the principal thing; [therefore] get wisdom: and with all your getting get understanding.

Proverbs 4:11 I have taught you in the way of wisdom; I have led you in right paths.

Proverbs 5:1 My son, attend unto my wisdom, [and] bow thine ear to my understanding:

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Who Are The Gentiles In Romans 2 & 9?

On January 13, 2012, in Bible Lessons, by Milton Carnes

Matthew 10:6-7
These twelve Yahusha sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Matthew 15:24
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Let us first look at Romans chapter 2

Romans 2:12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law [13] (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of Alahiym, but the doers of the law will be justified; [14] for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, [15] who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them) [16] in the day when Alahiym will judge the secrets of men by Yahusha The Messiah, according to my gospel.

The key words that I see here are the ones in bold.

"written in their hearts"

The Scripture is very clear concerning who has the Law of YAHUH written in their hearts. We have three witnesses. The first is in Jeremiah 31, the second is in Hebrews chapter 8 and the third in Hebrews chapter 10.

Jeremiah 31:33 "But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says YAHUH: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their Alahiym, and they shall be My people."

Hebrews 8:10 "For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the YAHUH: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their Alahiym, and they shall be My people."

Hebrews 10:16 "This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says YAHUH, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; [17] And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more."

This is the important key. If you are of the house of Israel you have the law of YAHUH, our Alahiym, written on your heart. If you have the law written on your heart then you have a physical connection to the physical house of Israel. If you don't have the law written on your heart then you are not of the house of Israel. This is New Testament teaching. YAHUH Alahiym has a continuing plan for the physical house of Israel. There is no justification for spiritualizing the house of Israel here. In verse 8 the writer of Hebrews quoting from Jeremiah ties this house of Israel to the physical people (and their descendants) who YAHUH brought out of the land of Egypt.

Now let us look at Romans chapter 9.

Romans 9:23 "and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, [24] even us whom He called, not of the Judeans1 only, but also of the Gentiles? [25] As He says also in Hosea: "I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved." [26] "And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, 'You are not My people,' There they shall be called sons of the living Alahiym."

The Scripture does not require us to guess who the above Gentiles really are today. There are several clues that make this very simple.

They are "vessels of mercy".
They were prepared for "glory".
They were called "Gentiles".
We are referred back to Hosea to find out who are these Gentiles.
They were called "not My people".
They were called "beloved".
They are called "sons of the living Alahiym".

I think you will find this very simple. Who were the vessels of mercy? There are several verses that tell us that the Israelites were and are the vessels of mercy. Psalm 136 will do for now.

Who was prepared for glory? Romans 9:4 says,

"who are Israelites, to whom pertain the ... glory".

There are actually several places where we are told that Israel was to be known as Gentiles or Greeks and be living among them. We are also told that YAHUH would sift them from among the Gentiles, Amos 9:9. One that is very much overlooked and is in the New Testament is found in John 7.

John 7:33 "Then Yahusha said to them, "I shall be with you a little while longer, and then I go to Him who sent Me. [34] "You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come." [35] Then the Judeans said among themselves, "Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him? Does He intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks?"

The word "dispersion" is from the Greek word "diaspora". The definition is, "Israelite residents in Gentile countries". This refers to the Assyrian captivity from which most of Israel escaped and dispersed themselves to every corner of the earth. Many Israelites went to Europe, but in John 7 the Judeans were referring to those who moved to Greece.

"Not My People" and "Not a People" are two phrases that refer to the same group of people in both the Old and New testament. There are 9 verses with these phrases in them. Whenever you see them think "house of Israel".

It is my thinking that "Beloved" refers back to Israel as a wife of YAHUH. When an Israelite is immersed for the remission of sins they become a bride in waiting. More on this is and will be available in other studies.

The phrase "Sons of the living Alahiym" is found in Hosea

Hosea 1:10 "Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, You are the sons of the living Alahiym."

I felt is was important to make several phrases bold in Hosea 1:10. Who was the prophesy directed to when a group of people were told they were not my people? Who was that same group of people who were told that they would be sons of the living Alahiym? The house of Israel is the answer of course. To read Romans 9:24-25 and suggest that the references taken from Hosea were some other people is misrepresenting the apostle Paul's intent.

Before anyone makes the statement, "Well they just have not become Christians yet." let me tell you that they are not the descendants of Jacob Israel and so the prophesy in Hosea does not apply to them. The Messiah said, "

"My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.", John 10:27.

Psalm 147:19 "He declares His word to Jacob, His statutes and His judgments to Israel. [20] He has not dealt thus with any nation; And as for His judgments, they have not known them"

Source: Excerpts from this article is courtesy of The Oracles of YAH (http://theoraclesofyah.org). Kingdom-info is not associated with nor does Kingdom-info support all of the teachings of "The Oracles of YAH". This article is used solely to demonstrate a teaching on "Gentiles" and who they are. Names have been changed to reflect the beliefs of Kingdom-Info.

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